Moai statue of Easter Island with pukao topknot
Easter Island, also called Rapa Nui, is most famous for its large moai statues that were carved by native peoples between 1250 and 1500. The island is also considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site and much of the island's land belongs to the Rapa Nui National Park. The production and transportation of the 887 statues are considered remarkable creative and physical feats. The tallest moai erected was almost 10 metres (33 ft) high and weighed 82 tons. Almost all moai have overly large heads three-eighths the size of the whole statue. Some moai had pukao on their heads; these were carved out of red scoria, a very light rock from a quarry at Puna Pau. Red itself is considered a sacred color in Polynesia. The added pukau suggest a further status to the moai.
Moai by the sea
Mysterious moai by the sea, Ahu Nau Nau, Anakena, Easter Island, Chile. Easter Island (Rapa Nui: Rapa Nui, Spanish: Isla de Pascua) is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean. The island is a special territory of Chile. Easter Island is famous for its monumental statues, called moai. It is a UN World Heritage Site with much of the island protected within the Rapa Nui National Park.
© ©Stuart Dee
Big half buried moai portrait in Easter Island
Rano Raraku was a quarry for about 500 years until the early eighteenth century, and supplied the stone from which about 95% of the island's known monolithic sculptures (moai) were carved. Rano Raraku is a visual record of moai design vocabulary and technological innovation, where 397 moai remain. Rano Raraku is in the World Heritage Site of Rapa Nui National Park and gives its name to one of the seven sections of the park.