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Holland House library after an air raid BB83_04456
HOLLAND HOUSE, Kensington, London. An interior view of the bombed library at Holland House with readers apparently choosing books regardless of the damage. Photographed in 1940. The House was heavily bombed during World War II and remained derelict until 1952 when parts of the remains were preserved.
Holland House, originally known as Cope Castle, was a great house in Kensington in London, situated in what is now Holland Park. Created in 1605 in the Elizabethan or Jacobean style for the diplomat Sir Walter Cope, the building later passed to the powerful Rich family, then the Fox family, under whose ownership it became a noted gathering-place for Whigs in the 19th century. The house was largely destroyed by German firebombing during the Blitz in 1940; today only the east wing and some ruins of the ground floor still remain.
In 1940, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth attended the last great ball held at the house. A few weeks later, on 7 September, the German bombing raids on London that would come to be known as the Blitz began. During the night of 27 September, Holland House was hit by twenty-two incendiary bombs during a ten-hour raid. The house was largely destroyed, with only the east wing, and, miraculously, almost all of the library remaining undamaged. Surviving volumes included the sixteenth-century Boxer Codex.
Holland House was granted Grade I listed building status in 1949, under the auspices of the Town and Country Planning Act 1947; the Act sought to identify and preserve buildings of special historic importance, prompted by the damage caused by wartime bombing. The building remained a burned-out ruin until 1952, when its owner, Giles Fox-Strangways, 6th Earl of Ilchester, sold it to the London County Council (LCC). The remains of the building passed from the LCC to its successor, the Greater London Council (GLC) in 1965, and upon the dissolution of the GLC in 1986 to the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
Today, the remains of Holland House form a backdrop for the open air Holland Park Theatre, home of Opera Holland Park. The YHA (England and Wales) "London Holland Park" youth hostel is now located in the house. The Orangery is now an exhibition and function space, with the adjoining former Summer Ballroom now a restaurant, The Belvedere. The former ice house is now a gallery space
© Historic England Archive
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The Sex Pistols
THE SEX PISTOLS SIGNING A NEW RECORDING CONTRACT WITH A & M RECORDS OUTSIDE BUCKINGHAM PALACE, LONDON. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: JOHNNY ROTTEN, STEVE JONES, PAUL COOK, NEW BASS PLAYER SYD VICIOUS AND THE GROUP'S MANAGER MALCOM MCLAREN * 28/02/02 The group Sex Pistols, signing a new recording contract with A&M Records outside Buckingham Palace in London, (l/r) Johnny Rotten, Steve Jones, Paul Cook, new bass player Sid Vicious and the group's manager Malcom McLaren: The Sex Pistols are to re-release their anti-monarchy punk anthem God Save The Queen to mark the Golden Jubilee, it was announced. Record bosses are hoping the track will finally reach number one second time around as the nation celebrates the royal anniversary in June. It previously missed out on topping the charts when initially issued in the Silver Jubilee week in 1977, with claims since that the list was fiddled to prevent embarrassment to the Royal Family
© PA Photos - All Rights Reserved
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Elaine Paige : 1984
ELAINE PAIGE 1984: Actress and singer Elaine Paige in London where she received the Rear of the Year award by the British jeans industry. The award was for the neatest and most fashionable bottom during the past year. 23/04/2003: Winners of the Rear of The Year competion: Barbara Windsor, 1976 - who received it as a one-off award; Felicity Kendal, 1981, the first year it became an annual event; Suzi Quatro, 1982; Lulu, 1983; Elaine Paige 1984; Lynsey de Paul 1985; Anneka Rice, 1986 (the same year that Award was presented to its first male recipient-Michael Barrymore);Anita Dobson, 1987; Su Pollard, 1988; Marina Ogilvy, the daughter of Princess Alexandra, became the first Royal winner in 1989; after a two year gap, Ulrika Jonsson won in 1992; Sarah Lanchashire, 1993; Mandy Smith, 1994, after which the competition was switched from spring to autumn; Tracy Shaw, 1996; Melinda Messenger, 1997; Carol Smilie, 1998; Denise van Outen, 1999; Jane Danson, 2000; Claire Sweeney, 2001; Charlotte Church, 2002