Planisphere with constellations, 1540
Planisphere with constellations. This planisphere is from the astronomical atlas Astronomicum Caesareum (1540) by the German printer Petrus Apianus (1495-1552). This atlas was notable for its highly intricate wheel charts (volvelles), of which this planisphere is an example. A volvelle involves several layers of paper placed over each other, which are then rotated to produce the desired result. In this case, to show the appearance of the night sky for a given latitude, time and date. The constellations are represented by artworks of the mythical people and creatures for whom they are named. This view is centred on the Northern Celestial Pole, but extends into the southern hemisphere as well.
© Royal Astronomical Society/Science Photo Library
portrayed as a bull in a china shop (although the china shop is seemingly a combination of the British Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum)
© Mary Evans Picture Library 2015 - https://copyrighthub.org/s0/hub1/creation/maryevans/MaryEvansPictureID/10039586
1887, Albert, Astrology, British, Bull, China, Combination, Historical, History, Maxims, Museum, Paranormal, Portrayed, Seemingly, Shop, Taurus, Victoria, Zodiac
1731 Johann Scheuchzer planet orbit
1731 Physica Sacra (Sacred Physics) by Johann Scheuchzer (1672-1733) folio copper engraving drawn by a team of engravers under the direction of Johann Andreas Pfeffel (1674-1748). The orbits of the planets Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter (and its moons) and Saturn (plus its moons) are drawn as non-concentric circles around the sun. The goal of Scheuchzer's work was to use the best contemporary science to illuminate the biblical account of human history in a sequence of 745 plates. At the time there was little doubt that science (physica) supported the literal truth of the Biblical chronology of creation and history. The frame is a sample of a larger picture.
© PAUL D STEWART/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY