Hong Kong street scene, 1890s
Hong Kong street scene. Pedestrians, carts, rickshaws and signs in both Chinese script and English on a hill street in Hong Kong in the 1890s. At the time, this area was a British colony. This lantern slide, by US explorer and survey photographer William Henry Jackson (1843-1942), was obtained for the World's Transportation Commission, a worldwide survey carried out for the Field Columbian Museum of Chicago, USA. The lantern slides in this collection were hand-coloured with dyes and paints. Here, the areas at far right and left have not been coloured.
© LIBRARY OF CONGRESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Channel tunnel. Historical artwork of a tunnel beneath the English Channel through which Napoleon's troops are moving to invade England. The possibility of a tunnel under the Channel was first put to Napoleon in 1802. This cartoon was drawn in 1804, after the resumption of war between England and France in 1803. The French are also attacking by sea and by hot air balloon (the Channel was first crossed by hot air balloon in 1785). The English defence includes ships and men flying from kites with rifles. A semaphore system is operating from telegraph towers on the French side. From La Telegraphie Historique by Alexis Belloc (1888).
© SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
First chimpanzee in space
First chimpanzee in space. Ham, the first chimpanzee in space, in his flight suit. On January 31, 1961, a Mercury-Redstone rocket carrying Ham was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, USA. The rocket reached a peak of 254 kilometres above the Earth. During the flight, Ham had to pull a lever in response to a flashing light. After a 16.5 minute flight, the Mercury capsule landed and Ham was recovered alive. NASA launched several animals in test flights before launching the first American astronaut, Alan Shepard, on 5th May 1961. Image taken 31st January 1961.
© NASA/VRS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY