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Twelfth Century Collection

The twelfth century was a time of great historical significance, filled with remarkable events and influential figures

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: St Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury (coloured engraving)

St Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury (coloured engraving)
972878 St Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury (coloured engraving) by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: St Dunstan (909-988), Archbishop of Canterbury

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: The eye according to Hunain ibn Ishaq also called Johannitius (809-873) Baghdad physican

The eye according to Hunain ibn Ishaq also called Johannitius (809-873) Baghdad physican and philosopher. Manuscript c1200

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of Henry II, printed by Henry G. Bohn, 1856 (colour engraving)

Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of Henry II, printed by Henry G. Bohn, 1856 (colour engraving)
7265323 Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of Henry II, printed by Henry G. Bohn, 1856 (colour engraving) by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Forteresse Royale de Chinon above the town on the Vienne River, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire

Forteresse Royale de Chinon above the town on the Vienne River, Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, Centre, France

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Germany, Baden-Wurttemberg, Maulbronn. Kloster Maulbronn (Maulbronn Monastery), UNESCO

Germany, Baden-Wurttemberg, Maulbronn. Kloster Maulbronn (Maulbronn Monastery), UNESCO World Heritage Site

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Drum Castle (b / w photo)

Drum Castle (b / w photo)
7191227 Drum Castle (b/w photo) by Porter, James (1874-1937); Private Collection; (add.info.: Drum Castle. Illustration for Porters Views of Aberdeen and District (James Porter, Aberdeen, c 1905)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: The military campaigns led by the Byzantine Emperor Leon VI 'The Wise'(866-912)

The military campaigns led by the Byzantine Emperor Leon VI "The Wise"(866-912)
AIS5344072 The military campaigns led by the Byzantine Emperor Leon VI " The Wise" (866-912) against the Bulgarians in 894, miniature from " Synopsis historiarum", c.1126-1150

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Richard the Lionheart (colour litho)

Richard the Lionheart (colour litho)
2775125 Richard the Lionheart (colour litho) by European School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Richard the Lionheart)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Jordan, Karak Governorate, Al-Karak. Kerak Castle, 12th century Crusader castle, one

Jordan, Karak Governorate, Al-Karak. Kerak Castle, 12th century Crusader castle, one of the largest crusader castles in the Levant

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Aerial view of Chateau de la Malartrie castle, Vezac, Dordogne

Aerial view of Chateau de la Malartrie castle, Vezac, Dordogne Department, Aquitaine, France

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Rear view exterior of Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud l Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire

Rear view exterior of Fontevraud Abbey, Fontevraud l Abbaye, Maine-et-Loire, Pays-de-la-Loire, France

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Do You Know: Who decreed the of a yard? (colour litho)

Do You Know: Who decreed the of a yard? (colour litho)
8668104 Do You Know: Who decreed the of a yard? (colour litho) by English School, (20th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Who decreed the of a yard)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Historic Bedsteads (engraving)

Historic Bedsteads (engraving)
8627617 Historic Bedsteads (engraving) by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Historic Bedsteads)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Leopold V of Austria presenting the monks of Heiligenkreuz Abbey with a relic of the True Cross

Leopold V of Austria presenting the monks of Heiligenkreuz Abbey with a relic of the True Cross, 1188 (engraving)
8625853 Leopold V of Austria presenting the monks of Heiligenkreuz Abbey with a relic of the True Cross, 1188 (engraving) by Geiger

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Henry the Lion, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony

Henry the Lion, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony
7278136 Henry the Lion, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony; Private Collection; (add.info.: Henry the Lion, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Meeting between Frederic Barberossa (Federico Barbarossa) and Pope Alexander III (Alexander)

Meeting between Frederic Barberossa (Federico Barbarossa) and Pope Alexander III (Alexander)
AIS5336026 Meeting between Frederic Barberossa (Federico Barbarossa) and Pope Alexander III (Alexander, Alessandro III) (1105-1181) at the Doge's Palace in Venice in 1177

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Gothic art: view of the choir of the Cathedrale Saint Caprais, 12th century Agen, Lot et Garonne

Gothic art: view of the choir of the Cathedrale Saint Caprais, 12th century Agen, Lot et Garonne
JEB4931878 Gothic art: view of the choir of the Cathedrale Saint Caprais, 12th century Agen, Lot et Garonne; (add.info.: Gothic art: view of the choir of the Cathedrale Saint Caprais)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Romanesque Art: Episode of the Life of Christ: ' The Devil' Fresco of the 12th century

Romanesque Art: Episode of the Life of Christ: " The Devil" Fresco of the 12th century
JEB4931224 Romanesque Art: Episode of the Life of Christ: " The Devil" Fresco of the 12th century. Church of Saint Quitterie

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Romanesque Art: Episode of the Life of Christ: 'The Tomb' A Sleeping Guard. 12th century fresco

Romanesque Art: Episode of the Life of Christ: "The Tomb" A Sleeping Guard. 12th century fresco
JEB4931106 Romanesque Art: Episode of the Life of Christ: "The Tomb" A Sleeping Guard. 12th century fresco. Church of Saint Quitterie

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Beatus of Cardena, Saint John under the symbol of the eagle and two winged figures

Beatus of Cardena, Saint John under the symbol of the eagle and two winged figures, 12th century (manuscript)
7294919 Beatus of Cardena, Saint John under the symbol of the eagle and two winged figures, 12th century (manuscript); Museu d'Arte, Girona, Spain; (add.info.: Beatus of Cardena)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: The church of San Giusto, Lucca, 12th century

The church of San Giusto, Lucca, 12th century
7264879 The church of San Giusto, Lucca, 12th century; Lucca, Tuscany, Italy; (add.info.: The 12th century church of San Giusto in the square of the same name)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Statue depicting Shiva and Parvati

Statue depicting Shiva and Parvati
5305189 Statue depicting Shiva and Parvati.; (add.info.: Statue depicting Shiva and Parvati. Shiva is known as the God of Creation, Destruction, Regeneration, Meditation, Arts, Yoga and Moksha)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Alfonso II (1185-1223) king of Asturias, 1463 (miniature)

Alfonso II (1185-1223) king of Asturias, 1463 (miniature)
AIS5332845 Alfonso II (1185-1223) king of Asturias, 1463 (miniature); Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid, Spain; (add.info.: Genealogia de los Reyes de Espana. 1463 Madrid)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Afonso I of Portugal (1109-1185), 1463 (miniature)

Afonso I of Portugal (1109-1185), 1463 (miniature)
AIS5332834 Afonso I of Portugal (1109-1185), 1463 (miniature); Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid, Spain; (add.info.: Genealogia de los Reyes de Espana. 1463 Madrid)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Cathedral. Interior. The chapel Capella de la Mare de Deu del Claustre. The altar. A statue

Cathedral. Interior. The chapel Capella de la Mare de Deu del Claustre. The altar. A statue
6269270 Cathedral. Interior. The chapel Capella de la Mare de Deu del Claustre. The altar. A statue. Madonna with Child (Imatge de la mare de Deu del Claustre). Romanesque

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: French men's costumes of the late 15th century, 1889 (chromolithograph)

French men's costumes of the late 15th century, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912640 French men's costumes of the late 15th century, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: French men's costumes of the late 15th century)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Italian male costumes of the late 15th century, 19th century (etching)

Italian male costumes of the late 15th century, 19th century (etching)
5912637 Italian male costumes of the late 15th century, 19th century (etching); (add.info.: Soldier in armour A and soldier in Eisenhut or kettle hat C from an oil painting)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Figure of St. George slaying a dragon from the Dijon Altarpiece, 1889 (chromolithograph)

Figure of St. George slaying a dragon from the Dijon Altarpiece, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912625 Figure of St. George slaying a dragon from the Dijon Altarpiece, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: Figure of St. George slaying a dragon)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Costumes of 14th century German knights, 1889 (chromolithograph)

Costumes of 14th century German knights, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912619 Costumes of 14th century German knights, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: Ulrich V von Landschaden von Steinach (left) died 1369, from his grave effigy in Neckarsteinach church

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Gunther XXI von Schwarzburg, King of Germany, 1304-1349, 1889 (chromolithograph)

Gunther XXI von Schwarzburg, King of Germany, 1304-1349, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912613 Gunther XXI von Schwarzburg, King of Germany, 1304-1349, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: Gunther XXI von Schwarzburg, King of Germany, Roemischer Koenig, 1304-1349)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Grave effigy of Berthold VI von Henneberg, died 1330, 1889 (chromolithograph)

Grave effigy of Berthold VI von Henneberg, died 1330, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912607 Grave effigy of Berthold VI von Henneberg, died 1330, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: Grave effigy of Berthold VI von Henneberg, Prior of the Order of Saint John or Johanniter-Ordens)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Wilhelm I, Margrave of Baden, died 1473, 1889 (chromolithograph)

Wilhelm I, Margrave of Baden, died 1473, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912600 Wilhelm I, Margrave of Baden, died 1473, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: Wilhelm I, Margrave of Baden, died 1473. Wilhelm I Markgraf von Baden, died 1473)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Costumes of the 13th century, 1889 (chromolithograph)

Costumes of the 13th century, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912593 Costumes of the 13th century, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: Costumes of the 13th century. A prince and two knights swearing allegiance to a king, the investiture of a knight)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Costumes and sword of 13th century knights, 1889 (chromolithograph)

Costumes and sword of 13th century knights, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912589 Costumes and sword of 13th century knights, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: Costumes and sword of 13th century knights)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Costume of Konrad von Thuringen, died 1241, 1889 (chromolithograph)

Costume of Konrad von Thuringen, died 1241, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912587 Costume of Konrad von Thuringen, died 1241, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: Costume of Konrad von Thuringen, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, died 1241)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Costumes from the early 13th century, 1889 (chromolithograph)

Costumes from the early 13th century, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912584 Costumes from the early 13th century, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: Costumes from the early 13th century. From a manuscript of Thomasin von Zirclaere's Der Walsche Gast)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, Cunigunde, bishop, 12th century, 1889 (chromolithograph)

Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, Cunigunde, bishop, 12th century, 1889 (chromolithograph)
5912576 Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, Cunigunde, bishop, 12th century, 1889 (chromolithograph); (add.info.: Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor, and empress Saint Cunigunde of Luxembourg, bishop)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Barbarossa meeting with his son Frederick after the battle near Iconium, Frederick I

Barbarossa meeting with his son Frederick after the battle near Iconium, Frederick I
UIG5414149 Barbarossa meeting with his son Frederick after the battle near Iconium, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor also known as Barbarossa, around 1122 - 1190, historical engraving, 1883; UIG

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Miniature representing Pope Gregory IX, born Ugolino di Conti (1145-1241)

Miniature representing Pope Gregory IX, born Ugolino di Conti (1145-1241)
BEN5472507 Miniature representing Pope Gregory IX, born Ugolino di Conti (1145-1241). Manuscript page Gregorius PP IX Decretalium libri Quinque, Cum Glosis, Book III

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Tomb plate of the Queen of Neustria Fredegonde (circa 545-597). 12th century mosaic

Tomb plate of the Queen of Neustria Fredegonde (circa 545-597). 12th century mosaic
BEN5481323 Tomb plate of the Queen of Neustria Fredegonde (circa 545-597). 12th century mosaic. Basilica of Saint Denis in Saint-Denis in Seine Saint Denis

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Profile view of a king, lying. 12th century Basilica Saint-Denis (Saint Denis)

Profile view of a king, lying. 12th century Basilica Saint-Denis (Saint Denis)
BEN5478628 Profile view of a king, lying. 12th century Basilica Saint-Denis (Saint Denis); Photo © Raffaello Bencini

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Ceramic flask lustre painted, hand made, 12th-13th century AD, Gorgan, glass and ceramics museum

Ceramic flask lustre painted, hand made, 12th-13th century AD, Gorgan, glass and ceramics museum, Tehran, Iran (photo)
5309222 Ceramic flask lustre painted, hand made, 12th-13th century AD, Gorgan, glass and ceramics museum, Tehran, Iran (photo); Photo © Stefano Baldini

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: The Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa
5310026 The Leaning Tower of Pisa; (add.info.: Engraving depicting the Leaning Tower of Pisa, the campanile, or freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: The excommunication of Philip II August

The excommunication of Philip II August
7261200 The excommunication of Philip II August; Private Collection; (add.info.: The excommunication of Philip II August, King of France (1180-1223) by Pope Innocent III

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Baptismal font, 12th century

Baptismal font, 12th century
7242797 Baptismal font, 12th century; Hainaut, Wallonia, Belgium; (add.info.: Parish church (Blaugies, eglise Saint-Aubin), Interior Baptismal font, 12th century Blaugies, eglise Saint-Aubin, Dour

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Trieste Cathedral. Mosaic of Saint Servulus. Italy

Trieste Cathedral. Mosaic of Saint Servulus. Italy
7136955 Trieste Cathedral. Mosaic of Saint Servulus. Italy.; Cattedrale di San Giusto, Trieste, Italy; © Pascal Deloche/Godong

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Courtyard and trees of the Thoronet Abbey

Courtyard and trees of the Thoronet Abbey
7125793 Courtyard and trees of the Thoronet Abbey; (add.info.: Courtyard and trees of the Thoronet Abbey. Abbey church Cistercian abbey built in the late twelfth and early thirteenth century)

Background imageTwelfth Century Collection: Thoronet Abbey. The Abbey church

Thoronet Abbey. The Abbey church
7125790 Thoronet Abbey. The Abbey church; (add.info.: The Thoronet abbey. The Abbey church. Bell tower, apse and cemetery. Cistercian abbey built in the late twelfth and early thirteenth century)



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The twelfth century was a time of great historical significance, filled with remarkable events and influential figures. From the reign of St Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury, to the majestic Forteresse Royale de Chinon overlooking the Vienne River in Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, this era left an indelible mark on history. In Germany's Baden-Wurttemberg region lies Maulbronn Monastery (Kloster Maulbronn), a UNESCO World Heritage site that stands as a testament to the architectural brilliance of the twelfth century. Its grandeur transports visitors back in time, allowing them to experience the rich cultural heritage of this period. The military campaigns led by Byzantine Emperor Leon VI "The Wise" against the Bulgarians showcased both strategic prowess and political ambition. A miniature from "Synopsis historiarum, " an illuminated manuscript dating back to c. 1126-1150, captures these intense battles and serves as a visual reminder of their significance. Richard the Lionheart emerges as one of history's most iconic figures during this era. His vibrant lithograph portrait showcases his regal demeanor and highlights his role in shaping medieval Europe. Meanwhile, Hunain ibn Ishaq (also known as Johannitius) contributed greatly to medical knowledge during this period. The eye diagram attributed to him provides insight into ancient Baghdad physicians' understanding of ocular anatomy—an invaluable contribution that continues to influence modern medicine today. Slovakia's Spis Castle (Spissky Hrad) stands tall amidst picturesque surroundings within Presov Region. This magnificent fortress offers glimpses into medieval life while serving as a reminder of Slovakia's rich cultural heritage. Traquair House's Bear Gates gate lodges offer an enchanting glimpse into Scottish architecture from this era—a perfect example among 100 Favourite Houses captured beautifully in black and white photography. Berkeley Castle is another gem showcasing Cotswolds' country houses.