Stephenson's 'Rocket', historical artwork. Stephenson's Locomotive Railway Carriage, patented in 1829, competed in trials held by the Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company at Rainhill. It completed 20 laps of the course and attained a top speed of 38 kilometres per hour, enough to win the competition. New features in its design included a multi-tube boiler with 25 copper tubes and a blast pipe to increase the efficiency of the boiler. The Rocket was designed by George Stephenson and his son Robert, with the assistance of Henry Booth. Published in History and progress of the steam engine, England, 1830.
© Science, Industry And Business Library/New York Public Library/Science Photo Library
'Travelling on the Liverpool and Machester Railway', 1831, (1945). Creator: SG Hughes
'Travelling on the Liverpool and Machester Railway', 1831, (1945). Steam locomotives on the Liverpool & Manchester Railway (L&MR), which first opened in 1830 under the supervision of its chief engineer, George Stephenson. The first train is the locomotive 'Jupiter' hauling first class covered carriages and a mail coach. Below, the locomotive 'North Star' hauls open-topped second class carriages. From "British Railways", by Arthur Elton. [Collins, London, 1945]
© The Print Collector/Heritage Images
Diplomacy staring Gladys Cooper
Diplomacy adapted from Dora by Victorien Sardou (5 September 1831 8 November 1908) at the Theatre du Vaudeville, Paris, on 22nd January 1877, by Clement Scott (6 October 1841 25 June 1904) and B. C. Stephenson (1839 22 January 1906). It was first produced in London at the Prince of Wales Theatre on 12th January 1878. This is for the revival at the Adelphi Theatre on 8th March 1924. The photo is of Dame Gladys Cooper (18 December 1888 17 November 1971), who starred in this production. Date: 1924
© The Michael Diamond Collection / Mary Evans Picture Library