Rabelo boats and Dom Luis I bridge in Douro river, Porto
Dom Luis I bridge and rabelo boats from Vila Nova de Gaia.
The Dom Lui¿oei¿oes I Bridge is a double-decked metal arch bridge that spans the Douro River between the cities of Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia in Portugal. It was opened in 1886 and is one of the landmarks of the city. At the time of construction its span of 172 m was the longest of its type in the world.
The Rabelo boat is a traditional Portuguese cargo boat that for centuries was used to transport people and goods along the Douro River.
Native from the Douro region, it does not exist in any other place of the world. Its history is closely linked to the production and trade of port wine. Before the arrival of the railway, the rabelo was the fastest and the most efficient means of transport between the Douro Valley, where port wine is produced, and the city of Porto, where it was traded and exported worldwide.
Although not in use anymore, still today the Douro River holds these vessels, belonging to port wine companies, in the cities of Porto and Gaia.
Porto, also known as Oporto in English, is the second-largest city in Portugal, after Lisbon, and one of the major urban areas in Southwestern Europe. Located along the Douro river estuary in Northern Portugal, Porto is one of the oldest European centres, and its historical core was proclaimed a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996. The western part of its urban area extends to the coastline of the Atlantic Ocean. Its settlement dates back many centuries, when it was an outpost of the Roman Empire. One of Portugal's internationally famous exports, port wine, is named for Porto, since the metropolitan area, and in particular the caves of Vila Nova de Gaia, were responsible for the packaging, transport and export of the fortified wine. In 2014, Porto was elected The Best European Destination by the Best European Destinations Agency.
Don LuAs I bridge and Muralha Fernandina in Porto
Don LuAs I bridge and Muralha Fernandina (Fernandina Wall) in Porto.The Dom LuAs I Bridge is a double-decked metal arch bridge that spans the Douro River between the cities of Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia in Portugal. At the time of construction its span of 172 m was the longest of its type in the world.The government held a competition for the construction of a metallic bridge over the Douro River on a site that was adjacent to an existing bridge that it would replace. TA©ophile Seyrig had engineered the D. Maria Pia Bridge project nearby, whilst working as a partner of Gustave Eiffel. He now took sole responsibility for the new, major LuAs I Bridge. The construction was begun in 1881 and the bridge opened on 31 October 1886 (the upper deck; the lower deck opened in 1887).Fernandinas Walls is the name by which it was known to medieval waist walls of Porto, in Portugal, of which only small parts have survived to the present day.Cerca Nova and Gothic Wall are other designations that apply to Fernandinas Walls but which, although scientifically more correct, are less currents.During the XIV century, Porto had a great urban expansion out of its initial core of the hill of Pena Ventosa protected by Old Fence, built on the original Roman wall.The city feels thus need of a larger space than the walled Old Fence.By the middle of this century, even in the time of D. Afonso IV, it began to be built a new ring of walls that was almost completed around 1370. The fact that the work was only completed in the reign of Ferdinand explains that it is commonly called 'Ferdinand Wall.'Last its military importance, the walls began to be demolished gradually from the second half of the eighteenth century to make way for new streets, squares and buildings. Most of the wall has been demolished in the late nineteenth century. The surviving sections of the walls Fernandinas were classified as 'national monuments' in 1926.