1855 Punch Dinosaurs Crystal Palace
1855 Cartoon from Punch's Almanac of that year, ascribed to John Leech. "A visit to the antediluvian reptiles at Sydenham - master Tom strongly objects to having his mind improved". Clockwise from top; Iguanodon (with bird on its wrongly ascribed horn), Megalosaurus, Hylaeosaurus, prehistoric gharial (teleosaurus), ichthyosaur. The actual exhibits were designed to fit the victorian ideal of educating the masses. They were the work of artist Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins (based on the research of Owen, Mantell, Buckland, Conybeare and others). The Crystal Palace Antediluvians were the first life-size reconstructions of dinosaurs, and this cartoon indicates that many saw them as nightmarish monsters of a former age. Children would love dinosaurs ever after.
© This image is copyright Paul D. Stewart 2009. Do not reproduce without permission of the photographer at Stewartpauld@aol.com.
1861 Punch Dinosaurs & Comet cartoon 1861 Punch Dinosaurs & Comet cartoon
From Punch 41 (1861) page 34, July. "The age of the comet ascertained to a nicety. The antediluvians recognise an old acquantance of A.M. 1372". Prehistoric reptiles (modelled after Waterhouse Hawkins' Crystal Palace reconstructions at Sydenham), stare through telescopes at "the Great Comet of 1861". The comet was visible to the naked eye for three months in that year. The comet is now formally designated C/1861 J1 or 1861 II. The cartoon supposes the dinosaurs saw the same periodic comet during their reign on earth. This comet came within 0.1326 AU of the Earth - during which time the earth was within the Comet' tail. By day the comet's gas and dust even dimmed the sun. The cartoon gains poignance in light of the comet's near approach and recent theories about the dinosaurs' demise. The closest dinosaur is modelled after Hyaeolosaurus, mid distance Teleosaurus, furthest away iguanodon.
© PAUL D STEWART/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
I Don't Know Where I Am by George Studdy
After an unsolicited scrap, Bonzo is left in agreement with that famous statesman who said, "People hardly know where they are, and I am one of those in that position." Fortunately, like that statesman, he knows now. Poor Bonzo, the comic canine creation of George Studdy sees stars after becoming involved in a fight with two vicious looking dogs. Credit line must read: Estate of George Studdy/Gresham Marketing Ltd./Mary Evan"
© Mary Evans Picture Library 2015 - https://copyrighthub.org/s0/hub1/creation/maryevans/MaryEvansPictureID/10268279