Pompey, also known as Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, was a Roman military and political leader who rose to prominence during the late Roman Republic
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Pompey, also known as Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus, was a Roman military and political leader who rose to prominence during the late Roman Republic. He was born in 106 BC in Picenum and served as a general in the Roman army from 67 BC until his death in 48 BC. During his lifetime, he achieved numerous military successes and became one of Rome's most powerful figures. He is best remembered for defeating Julius Caesar at the Battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC, which led to Caesar's assassination later that year. After Caesar's death, Pompey formed an alliance with Marcus Licinius Crassus and Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (later known as Augustus) to form the Second Triumvirate. This alliance allowed them to control Rome for several years before it eventually dissolved due to internal conflicts between its members. In 48 BC, Pompey was defeated by Julius Caesar's forces at the Battle of Pharsalus and fled to Egypt where he was assassinated shortly after arriving there. His legacy remains strong today as one of Rome's most influential figures during its transition from Republic to Empire.