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Muslim Religion Collection

The Muslim religion is a rich tapestry of history, culture, and faith

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Peaceful capture of Jerusalem in 638 by Caliph Omar ibn al-Kathab

Peaceful capture of Jerusalem in 638 by Caliph Omar ibn al-Kathab
LSE4316719 Peaceful capture of Jerusalem in 638 by Caliph Omar ibn al-Kathab. It guarantees Patriarch Sophronius, Christians and Jews individual and religious freedom

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Battle of Poitiers: Charles Martel defeated between Tours

Battle of Poitiers: Charles Martel defeated between Tours
XEE4116941 Battle of Poitiers: Charles Martel defeated between Tours and Poitiers Abd al-Rahman I or Abderamane I (Abd al-Rahman) (731-788)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Qutub Minar, Qutb complex, Delhi in c.1900, from 'The Wonders of the World', pub. c.1920

Qutub Minar, Qutb complex, Delhi in c.1900, from 'The Wonders of the World', pub. c.1920
3701776 Qutub Minar, Qutb complex, Delhi in c.1900, from 'The Wonders of the World', pub. c.1920 by English School

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Map showing the beginnings of the Moslem Power, 7th century. (print)

Map showing the beginnings of the Moslem Power, 7th century. (print)
7420043 Map showing the beginnings of the Moslem Power, 7th century. (print); (add.info.: Map showing the beginnings of the Moslem Power, 7th century. From the book Outline of History by H.G)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Tomb and Madrasa of the Mamluk Sultan Qa'it Bay (Qaitbay or Qaytbay, Kait Bey, Qait Bay, Kaietbai)

Tomb and Madrasa of the Mamluk Sultan Qa'it Bay (Qaitbay or Qaytbay, Kait Bey, Qait Bay, Kaietbai, ca)
AIS5375593 Tomb and Madrasa of the Mamluk Sultan Qa'it Bay (Qaitbay or Qaytbay, Kait Bey, Qait Bay, Kaietbai, ca. 1416-1496), Egypt, Cairo

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Syria: Damascus around 1900 - Muslim cemetery - engraving by Meyer

Syria: Damascus around 1900 - Muslim cemetery - engraving by Meyer and Meaulle from the book "A l'assaut de
PCT4282023 Syria: Damascus around 1900 - Muslim cemetery - engraving by Meyer and Meaulle from the book "A l'assaut de l'Asie" edition Mame 1901 - by Meaulle

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: An Islamic solar quadrant, 1870 (lacquered wood)

An Islamic solar quadrant, 1870 (lacquered wood)
MMM5470032 An Islamic solar quadrant, 1870 (lacquered wood); National Maritime Museum, London, UK; (add.info.: An Islamic solar quadrant)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Islamic solar quadrant, engraved on both sides, and can be used for astronomical calculations

Islamic solar quadrant, engraved on both sides, and can be used for astronomical calculations, 1870 (lacquered wood)
MMM5473273 Islamic solar quadrant, engraved on both sides, and can be used for astronomical calculations, 1870 (lacquered wood); National Maritime Museum, London

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Courtyard and niche (photo)

Courtyard and niche (photo)
BEN85570 Courtyard and niche (photo); Masjid-i-Jameh, Isfahan, Iran; Photo © Raffaello Bencini

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: L'Algerie / Algeria: La Priere au Desert (colour photo)

L'Algerie / Algeria: La Priere au Desert (colour photo)
8639800 L'Algerie / Algeria: La Priere au Desert (colour photo) by French Photographer, (20th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: La Priere au Desert)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Turkish prisoners taken from Plevna, 1877 (litho)

Turkish prisoners taken from Plevna, 1877 (litho)
8664003 Turkish prisoners taken from Plevna, 1877 (litho) by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Turkish prisoners taken at the Siege of Plevna (Pleven), Bulgaria

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Whirling dervishes (b/w photo)

Whirling dervishes (b/w photo)
8672798 Whirling dervishes (b/w photo) by English Photographer, (20th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Whirling dervishes)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Photocard, 1930s: Damascus (coloured photo)

Photocard, 1930s: Damascus (coloured photo)
8671633 Photocard, 1930s: Damascus (coloured photo) by English Photographer, (20th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Damascus)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of the arches and porticoes of the Rico Salon in

Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of the arches and porticoes of the Rico Salon in the Palace of Medina Azahara
JEB4961926 Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of the arches and porticoes of the Rico Salon in the Palace of Medina Azahara (Madinat al-Zahra, al Zahra) near Cordoba, 953-957

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of a wall of the Alhambra Ambassador Hall or the Throne

Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of a wall of the Alhambra Ambassador Hall or the Throne Hall of Youssouf I
JEB4962061 Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of a wall of the Alhambra Ambassador Hall or the Throne Hall of Youssouf I (1333-1354). Detail representing an inscription in Arabic

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of the Myrtes basin in the courtyard of the Myrtes

Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of the Myrtes basin in the courtyard of the Myrtes (patio of los Arrayanes)
JEB4962008 Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of the Myrtes basin in the courtyard of the Myrtes (patio of los Arrayanes), palace Comares, one of the Nasrid palaces of the Alhambra

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of the Myrtes basin in the courtyard of the Myrtes

Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of the Myrtes basin in the courtyard of the Myrtes (patio of los Arrayanes)
JEB4962149 Islamic architecture, Moorish art. View of the Myrtes basin in the courtyard of the Myrtes (patio of los Arrayanes), Palace Comares, one of the Nasrid palaces of the Alhambra

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: View of Syria: Muslims Cemetery in Damascus

View of Syria: Muslims Cemetery in Damascus
JEB4833899 View of Syria: Muslims Cemetery in Damascus.; (add.info.: View of Syria: Muslims Cemetery in Damascus. Etching by WEBER, 19th century after the Daguerrian photographic excursions)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: The Knights Cross arrived in sight of Jerusalem, which they conquered in 1099

The Knights Cross arrived in sight of Jerusalem, which they conquered in 1099
PCT4262491 The Knights Cross arrived in sight of Jerusalem, which they conquered in 1099. Engraving of a book on the Crusades

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: The Knight Tancrede cuts into pieces a band of Saracens, when taking Antioch in 1098

The Knight Tancrede cuts into pieces a band of Saracens, when taking Antioch in 1098
PCT4262489 The Knight Tancrede cuts into pieces a band of Saracens, when taking Antioch in 1098. Engraving of a book on the Crusades

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Saint Bernard of Clairvaux prepped the second crusade in 1146, 19th century (engraving)

Saint Bernard of Clairvaux prepped the second crusade in 1146, 19th century (engraving)
PCT4262497 Saint Bernard of Clairvaux prepped the second crusade in 1146, 19th century (engraving); (add.info.: Saint Bernard of Clairvaux (San Bernardo di Chiaravalle) (1090-1153)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Harun al-Rashid, the fifth Abbasid Caliph, copperplate engraving from Strahlheim, 1840s (engraving)

Harun al-Rashid, the fifth Abbasid Caliph, copperplate engraving from Strahlheim, 1840s (engraving)
UTD4919670 Harun al-Rashid, the fifth Abbasid Caliph, copperplate engraving from Strahlheim, 1840s (engraving); (add.info)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Roland blowing his horn during the battle against the Saracens at Roncesvaux in 789

Roland blowing his horn during the battle against the Saracens at Roncesvaux in 789
NWI4927988 Roland blowing his horn during the battle against the Saracens at Roncesvaux in 789. Colour engraving of the 19th century.; (add.info)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Traditional costumes from the Middle East: Libyan Prince (left)

Traditional costumes from the Middle East: Libyan Prince (left), Lebanon and Muslim man from Damascus
NWI4877929 Traditional costumes from the Middle East: Libyan Prince (left), Lebanon and Muslim man from Damascus, Syria smoking the narguile

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Asian population and culture: Muslim of India, 19th century. Colouring engraving of the 19th century

Asian population and culture: Muslim of India, 19th century. Colouring engraving of the 19th century
NWI4865438 Asian population and culture: Muslim of India, 19th century. Colouring engraving of the 19th century.; (add.info.: Asian population and culture: Muslim of India, 19th century)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: The ascent of Muhammad with the Archangel Gabriel

The ascent of Muhammad with the Archangel Gabriel
JAB5033961 The ascent of Muhammad with the Archangel Gabriel.; (add.info.: The ascent of Muhammad with the Archangel Gabriel.); Photo ©Jaime Abecasis

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Islam: representation of an ulema (ulema or alem), Sunni theologian preaching the holy war (jihad)

Islam: representation of an ulema (ulema or alem), Sunni theologian preaching the holy war (jihad)
ELD4906197 Islam: representation of an ulema (ulema or alem), Sunni theologian preaching the holy war (jihad). 19th century (chromolithograph); Private Collection; Photo © The Holbarn Archive

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: An enamelled and gem set gold, eagle pendant, 18th century (gold)

An enamelled and gem set gold, eagle pendant, 18th century (gold)
3480632 An enamelled and gem set gold, eagle pendant, 18th century (gold); (add.info.: An enamelled and gem set gold, eagle pendant, Islamic possibly north African)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Medieval 10th century World map by Estakhri

Medieval 10th century World map by Estakhri
3507857 Medieval 10th century World map by Estakhri; (add.info.: Medieval 10th century World map by Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Muhammad al-Farisi al Istakhri (Estakhri)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Travel methods of the Berbers in Algeria. A prince or high ranking officer on horseback

Travel methods of the Berbers in Algeria. A prince or high ranking officer on horseback
FLO4620873 Travel methods of the Berbers in Algeria. A prince or high ranking officer on horseback, a woman under a canopy on a donkey, and pilgrims to Mecca under a canopy on a horse

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Egypt, Cairo: Old Quarter, Street crowded with carts carrying veiled women, animated view, 1899

Egypt, Cairo: Old Quarter, Street crowded with carts carrying veiled women, animated view, 1899
LUX4786538 Egypt, Cairo: Old Quarter, Street crowded with carts carrying veiled women, animated view, 1899; (add.info.: Egypt, Cairo: Old Quarter, Street crowded with carts carrying veiled women)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Saudi Arabia, Mecca: the Kaaba (Ka'aba, Ka'ba), 1890

Saudi Arabia, Mecca: the Kaaba (Ka'aba, Ka'ba), 1890
LUX4746752 Saudi Arabia, Mecca: the Kaaba (Ka'aba, Ka'ba), 1890; (add.info.: Saudi Arabia, Mecca: the Kaaba (Ka'aba, Ka'ba), 1890); Photo © Lux-in-Fine

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Algeria, Maghreb, AL, Algiers: a Muslim cemetery with an old man, 1900

Algeria, Maghreb, AL, Algiers: a Muslim cemetery with an old man, 1900
LUX4763771 Algeria, Maghreb, AL, Algiers: a Muslim cemetery with an old man, 1900; (add.info.: Algeria, Maghreb, AL, Algiers: a Muslim cemetery with an old man, 1900); Photo © Lux-in-Fine

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Emperor Jahangir, miniature, 17th century

Emperor Jahangir, miniature, 17th century
AIS5389237 Emperor Jahangir, miniature, 17th century; Islamisches Museum, Brandenburg, Berlin Germany; (add.info.: Solemn prayer of the emperor Jahangir (1569-1627) after Ramadan in Idgah (India)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: View of Mecca, Persian miniature, 17th century (illuminated manscript)

View of Mecca, Persian miniature, 17th century (illuminated manscript)
AIS5355993 View of Mecca, Persian miniature, 17th century (illuminated manscript); Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France; © Iberfoto

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: The emperor of the Orient Alexis Comnene I (1048-1118) received Godefroy de Bouillon

The emperor of the Orient Alexis Comnene I (1048-1118) received Godefroy de Bouillon and his barons in Constantinople
PCT4262478 The emperor of the Orient Alexis Comnene I (1048-1118) received Godefroy de Bouillon and his barons in Constantinople (Byance) after the conquest of Nicee in 1097

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Saudi Arabia, Mecca: Black Stone Square (Kaaba, Ka'aba, Ka'ba) in the Holy City of Mecca, 1890

Saudi Arabia, Mecca: Black Stone Square (Kaaba, Ka'aba, Ka'ba) in the Holy City of Mecca, 1890
LUX4746777 Saudi Arabia, Mecca: Black Stone Square (Kaaba, Ka'aba, Ka'ba) in the Holy City of Mecca, 1890; (add.info.: Saudi Arabia, Mecca: Black Stone Square (Kaaba, Ka'aba)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Saudi Arabia, Mecca: Pilgrimage around the Kaaba (Ka'aba, Ka'ba), 1890 (b/w photo)

Saudi Arabia, Mecca: Pilgrimage around the Kaaba (Ka'aba, Ka'ba), 1890 (b/w photo)
LUX4746761 Saudi Arabia, Mecca: Pilgrimage around the Kaaba (Ka'aba, Ka'ba), 1890 (b/w photo); Photo © Lux-in-Fine

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Medieval costume: portrait of an Arab merchant, c.1860 (steel engraving)

Medieval costume: portrait of an Arab merchant, c.1860 (steel engraving)
DUV4216119 Medieval costume: portrait of an Arab merchant, c.1860 (steel engraving); 7.5x9.5 cm; (add.info.: Steel engraving by J)

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: The imposing madrasa of the sultan Hasan in Cairo

The imposing madrasa of the sultan Hasan in Cairo
3570916 The imposing madrasa of the sultan Hasan in Cairo; (add.info.: 1870-1880 ca. Photographer: Beato Antonio); Alinari Archives, Florence

Background imageMuslim Religion Collection: Persian literature: miniature of Basawan (1556-1600) representing a Muslim pilgrim meeting a Brahmin

Persian literature: miniature of Basawan (1556-1600) representing a Muslim pilgrim meeting a Brahmin
BEN5464241 Persian literature: miniature of Basawan (1556-1600) representing a Muslim pilgrim meeting a Brahmin. Based on a poem by Amir Khosrow Dehlavi (or Khusrau or Khusraw (1253-1325))



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The Muslim religion is a rich tapestry of history, culture, and faith. It encompasses centuries of triumphs and challenges, as seen in the Battle of Poitiers where Charles Martel defeated between Tours. This pivotal moment shaped the course of Islamic expansion. A glimpse into India during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar reveals the grandeur and influence of Islam through a captivating engraving from the 16th century. The intricate details depict a thriving empire that left an indelible mark on Indian history. Inscribed on a tombstone lies the memory of a Muslim girl from 1040, her story forever etched in marble. It serves as a poignant reminder that individuals have played significant roles within this vast religious community throughout time. The beauty and reverence for sacred texts are showcased in a double page from a Qur'an written in kufic script during the late 9th century AD. Its inked words and vibrant colors exemplify both artistic skill and devotion to Allah's teachings. Diving into more recent times, we catch glimpses of everyday life through snapshots like a postcard featuring a young Turkish woman performing her toilet at the beginning of the 20th century. These intimate moments humanize Muslims by showcasing their diverse experiences across different eras. Religious costumes also play an essential role in expressing one's faith identity. An engraving portrays various religious leaders such as Presbyterian pastors, Anglican eveques, popes (Orthodox priests), rabbis, and even muezzins responsible for launching calls to prayer at mosques—a testament to diversity within religious practices worldwide. Turning our attention back to historical figures who shaped Islam's foundation, we encounter Muhammad (570-632) alongside Abu Bakr during their migration to Medina (Hijra) in 622—fleeing persecution in Mecca. Their journey marked not only physical relocation but also laid down principles that would guide generations to come.