The Mayan civilization was one of the most advanced and mysterious ancient societies in the world
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The Mayan civilization was one of the most advanced and mysterious ancient societies in the world. The Mayans lived in what is now Central America, primarily in present-day Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and Honduras. They flourished from around 2000 BC to about 900 AD when their civilization suddenly declined. The Mayans were a highly developed society that built impressive cities with towering pyramids and intricate stone temples. They were also skilled astronomers who created complex calendars and used mathematics to track the movement of celestial bodies such as the sun, moon, and planets. This knowledge helped them predict natural disasters such as hurricanes or floods. The Mayans had a sophisticated writing system that used hieroglyphs to record their history and beliefs on stone monuments known as stelae or steleaes. They also developed an advanced form of art which included pottery making, weaving textiles, carving sculptures from jadeite and obsidian stones, painting murals on walls of their temples or palaces with bright colors made from natural pigments like ochre or cinnabar. Mayan religion was polytheistic with gods representing aspects of nature such as rain or fertility; they believed in an afterlife where souls would be judged by gods upon death before entering either heaven or hell depending on how they lived their lives while alive on earth. Human sacrifice was practiced by some groups within the Maya culture but it is unclear how widespread this practice actually was among all Maya people during this time period The decline of the Mayan civilization is still debated today but it is generally accepted that environmental factors such as drought combined with overpopulation led to its downfall around 900 AD when many cities were abandoned due to lack of resources for sustaining life there any longer. Despite this decline however many aspects of their culture still remain today including language spoken by some modern day indigenous people living in Central America; traditional foods like tamales; religious ceremonies honoring ancestors; art forms like weaving textiles; architecture featuring stepped pyramids; astronomy knowledge used for predicting weather patterns; and even some elements found within modern day Mesoamerican cultures which have been influenced by ancient Maya beliefs over time.