The Declaration of Arbroath, 6 April 1320 (ink on vellum) (b/w photo)
XJF140202 The Declaration of Arbroath, 6 April 1320 (ink on vellum) (b/w photo) by Scottish School, (14th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Scottish nobles, under the leadership of Robert the Bruce, wrote to Pope John XXII urging him to recognise the Scots' claims to independence;); Scottish, out of copyright
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Autograph: James Graham, Marquis of Montrose, 1644
Autograph: Letter from James Graham, Marquis of Montrose to Ferdinando, Lord Fairfax in answer to his objection to exchange an unnamed prisoner of the rank of a Colonel for 'Mr Darly', 22 July 1644. Written shortly after the battle of Marston Moor (2 July) and the surrender of York (16 July) of which Fairfax was now governor. Montrose held the appointment of Lieutenant-General in Scotland, but was within the English borders. The exchange in question was between Henry Darley, MP for Northallerton and Commissioner to the Scottish General Assembly, and Colonel John Bellasis, created Lord Belasyse in 1645, who had lately been defeated and captured at Selby by Sir Thomas Fairfax (see Napiers, 'Memoirs of Montrose', 1856, vol. Ii p.404). Signature: James Graham, Marquis of Montrose. Scottish nobleman and soldier, 1612 21 May 1650. Source: British Museum.
Autograph: John Maitland, Duke of Lauderdale
Autograph: 1669 letter, written by John Maitland when Earl of Lauderdale, Secretary of State and High Commissioner in Scotland, to Sir Robert Moray, enclosing the 'Act of Supremacy' to be shown to the King, and giving graphic details of its preparation and of the debate upon it before the Lords of the Articles at Edinburgh. Written at Holyrood House, 2 November 1669. Signature. John Maitland. Scottish politician and leader within the Cabal Ministry, 24 May 1616 - 1682. Source: British Museum.