Homeric cosmogony. Map of the Earth based on the myths and knowledge of the Ancient Greeks at the time of Homer (1st or 2nd millennium BC). The map shows a flat Earth centred on Greece and the Mediterranean Sea, surrounded by a 'River Ocean'. At night, the Sun passes from west to east behind a range of high mountains in the north ('region of the night'). To the south in North Africa, is the 'region of the day'. Other mythological references include the Elysian Fields, the island of the Cyclops, and the entrance to hell. Civilisations (historical and mythological) marked here include: Ethiopians, Libyans, Pygmies, Egyptians, Amazons, Phoenicians, Hyperboreans and Cimmerians. Places include: Thebes, Sparta, Troy, Thrace, Crete and Cyprus. Artwork from Pioneers of Science (Oliver Lodge, 1893).
© SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
The U.S. wages war on Algerian pirates : Stephen Decatur's life is saved when Reuben James interposes his head between a pirate sword and his commander
© Mary Evans Picture Library 2015 - https://copyrighthub.org/s0/hub1/creation/maryevans/MaryEvansPictureID/10002925
1804, Africa, Algerian, Barbary, Commander, Decaturs, Events, Head, Historical, History, Interposes, James, Libya, Life, Pirate, Pirates, Reuben, Saved, Stephen, Sword, Wages, War, Wars
The World as Known to the Ancients (steel engraving)
A creased and stained steel engraving of a map which shows aThe World as Known to the Ancientsa which aaŠcontains all the Parts of which it is thought the Ancients had any knowledgea. From aA System of Geography, Popular and Scientific, or A Physical, Political, and Statistical Account of the World and its Various Divisions. Volume VI, Part IIa by James Bell and published by A. Fullarton & Co., Glasgow, in 1838.
© Linda Steward