British Empire world map, 19th century
British Empire world map. This world map shows the 19th-century British Empire (pink) and its indigenous peoples. Five illustrations (clockwise from upper left) show the people of Australia, North America, southern Africa, Europe and Asia. Two tables (top left and top right) list the imperial possessions by area and population, with the totals being over 7 million square miles and nearly 165 million people. Some years of acquisition are also shown. This map was produced in the late 1850s by the Scottish cartographer John Bartholomew (1831-1893). Africa includes the 1856 route taken by the Scottish explorer David Livingstone.
© LIBRARY OF CONGRESS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Vespasian, Roman emperor
Vespasian (9 AD-79 AD), Roman emperor. Vespasian was the ninth emperor of the Roman Empire, ascending to power after a year of civil wars and ruling for nearly 10 years from 69 AD until his death. This artwork is from a 1691 Dutch edition of a collection of works by the Roman historian Suetonius, best known for his 121 AD work 'De Vita Caesarum' (On the Life of the Caesars, or 'The Twelve Caesars'). The Latin text at bottom describes the emperor and names the engraver of this artwork as Joannes Schildius. The editor of the book was the German philologist Johannes G. Graevius (1622-1703).
© MIDDLE TEMPLE LIBRARY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Sempill British Aviation Mission to Japan, four planes
Advance Training Machines. William Francis Forbes-Sempill, 19th Lord Sempill AFC, AFRAeS (1893-1965) was a Scottish peer and record-breaking air pioneer who was later shown to have passed secret information to the Imperial Japanese military before the Second World War. In 1921, Sempill led an official military mission to Japan that showcased the latest British aircraft. In subsequent years he continued to aid the Imperial Japanese Navy in developing its Navy Air Service and began giving military secrets to the Japanese. Although his activities were uncovered by British Intelligence, Sempill was not prosecuted for spying and allowed to continue in public life. Seen here are a Gloster Sparrowhawk (centre foreground), a Blackburn Swift Mk.II (centre background), a Vickers Type 48 Viking IV (right) and a Supermarine Seagull Mk.II (left).
© The Royal Aeronautical Society (National Aerospace Library)/Mary Evans Picture Library