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Humanist Collection

"Exploring the Humanist Legacy: From Montaigne to Dawkins" Humanism, a philosophical and intellectual movement that emerged during the Renaissance

Background imageHumanist Collection: MONTAIGNE, Michel de (1533-1592)

MONTAIGNE, Michel de (1533-1592). French writer, humanist and philosopher. French anonymous. Oil on canvas

Background imageHumanist Collection: Richard Dawkins, British science writer

Richard Dawkins, British science writer
Richard Dawkins. Caricature of the British ethnologist, evolutionary biologist and controversial author Richard Dawkins (born 1941) holding one of his books

Background imageHumanist Collection: Hugo Grotius, Dutch jurist

Hugo Grotius, Dutch jurist
Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), Dutch jurist and founder of international law. Grotius was born at Delft and at just 11 years of age went to university at Leiden. He became an advocate in 1599

Background imageHumanist Collection: Hugo De Groot / Larmessin

Hugo De Groot / Larmessin
HUGO DE GROOT alias HUGO GROTIUS Dutch scholar, humanist and politician

Background imageHumanist Collection: Utopiae Insulae Figura (Map of the New Island of Utopia

Utopiae Insulae Figura (Map of the New Island of Utopia
5615728 Utopiae Insulae Figura (Map of the New Island of Utopia) from the 1516 first edition of Utopia by Sir Thomas More (1478-1535)

Background imageHumanist Collection: Medici, Lorenzo the Magnificient (1449-1492). Italian

Medici, Lorenzo the Magnificient (1449-1492). Italian patrician and humanist, ruler of Florence from 1469 to 1492. Lorenzo de Medici receiving gifts from his ambassadors. VASARI, Giorgio (1511-1574)

Background imageHumanist Collection: Medical prescription, satirical artwork

Medical prescription, satirical artwork
Medical prescription. Satirical artwork titled Of Prescribing Foolishly, showing a patient in bed with a doctor in a fools hat (right) holding aloft a proposed treatment

Background imageHumanist Collection: Sir Thomas More, 1527, (1902). Artist: Hans Holbein the Younger

Sir Thomas More, 1527, (1902). Artist: Hans Holbein the Younger
Sir Thomas More, 1527, (1902). Portrait of More (1478-1535) as Henry VIIIs Lord Chancellor. More refused to subscribe to the Act of Supremacy which made Henry the head of the English Church

Background imageHumanist Collection: Lorenzo Valla

Lorenzo Valla
LORENZO VALLA Italian humanist

Background imageHumanist Collection: Woodcut from 1518 third edition of Utopia by Sir Thomas More (1478-1535

Woodcut from 1518 third edition of Utopia by Sir Thomas More (1478-1535
5615729 Woodcut from 1518 third edition of Utopia by Sir Thomas More (1478-1535) published in Basel showing the author conversing with the protagonist Raphael Hythloday about the ideal society he

Background imageHumanist Collection: Erasmus of Rotterdam, Dutch Catholic reformer and humanist (engraving)

Erasmus of Rotterdam, Dutch Catholic reformer and humanist (engraving)
3646446 Erasmus of Rotterdam, Dutch Catholic reformer and humanist (engraving) by German School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466-1536)

Background imageHumanist Collection: Leonardo Bruni

Leonardo Bruni
LEONARDO BRUNI known as ARETINUS Italian humanist philologist and historian. Date: 1369 - 1444

Background imageHumanist Collection: Bessarion - 2

Bessarion - 2
JOHANNES BASILIUS BESSARION Latin patriarch of Constantinople. Byzantine theologian and Humanist

Background imageHumanist Collection: Erasmus / Scriven / Penn

Erasmus / Scriven / Penn
DESIDERIUS ERASMUS Dutch humanist

Background imageHumanist Collection: From left to right, Ludovic Kennedy, Moira Shearer (married to Ludovic Kennedy

From left to right, Ludovic Kennedy, Moira Shearer (married to Ludovic Kennedy) and Frank Lawton, at an actors Pool of Industry meeting at Forbes House. 3rd January 1955

Background imageHumanist Collection: Rubens, (1577-1640), 1830. Creator: Unknown

Rubens, (1577-1640), 1830. Creator: Unknown
Rubens, (1577-1640), 1830. Sir Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640) influential and prolific Flemish Baroque artist of the Counter-Reformation, humanist scholar and diplomat

Background imageHumanist Collection: Merula, (c1430-1494), 1830. Creator: Unknown

Merula, (c1430-1494), 1830. Creator: Unknown
Merula, (c1430-1494), 1830. Georgius Merula (c1430-1494) Italian humanist and classical scholar. From " Biographical Illustrations", by Alfred Howard. [Thomas Tegg, R. Griffin and Co. J

Background imageHumanist Collection: Ulrich Von Hutten, 1516, (1936). Creator: Unknown

Ulrich Von Hutten, 1516, (1936). Creator: Unknown
Ulrich Von Hutten, 1516, (1936). Ulrich von Hutten at Viterbo in the battle with five Frenchmen, who mocked Maximilian. German scholar, poet and satirist Ulrich von Hutten (1488-1523)

Background imageHumanist Collection: The Escape of Grotius, aka Hugo de Groot

The Escape of Grotius, aka Hugo de Groot, Dutch humanist, diplomat, lawyer, theologian, poet and playwright. He was imprisoned in Loevestein Castle for his involvement in Calvinist disputes

Background imageHumanist Collection: Fray Luis de Leon (1527-1591). Spanish poet

Fray Luis de Leon (1527-1591). Spanish poet
Fray Luis de Leon (Belmonte, 1527-Madrigal de las Altas Torres, 1591). Spanish poet. Portrait. Illustration by Llanta. Lithography. Cronica General de Espana

Background imageHumanist Collection: Beatriz Galindo (1465-1535), called La Latina

Beatriz Galindo (1465-1535), called La Latina. Latinist, writer, humanist, educator and teacher of Queen Isabella of Castile and her children. Portrait, detail. Illustration by Llanta. Lithography

Background imageHumanist Collection: Alessandro Piccolomini (1508-1578). Andromeda

Alessandro Piccolomini (1508-1578). Andromeda
Alessandro Piccolomini (1508-1578). Italian astronomer and humanist. Constellation of Andromeda. De le stelle fisse (The sphere of the world and The fixed stars). Edited in Venice in 1540

Background imageHumanist Collection: Alessandro Piccolomini (1508-1578)

Alessandro Piccolomini (1508-1578). Italian astronomer and humanist. Draco constellation. De le Stelle Fisse (The sphere of the world and The fixed stars). Edited in Venice in 1540. Engraving, 1559

Background imageHumanist Collection: PETRARCH (1304-1374)

PETRARCH (1304-1374). Italian humanist and poet. Triumphs, Sonnets, and Songs. Miniature with the Triumph of the Death

Background imageHumanist Collection: GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von (1749-1832)

GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von (1749-1832). German humanist and writer. The Sorrows of Young Werther (Die Leiden des jungen

Background imageHumanist Collection: Francesco Cinzio Benincasa, c. 1478-80 (marble)

Francesco Cinzio Benincasa, c. 1478-80 (marble)
701370 Francesco Cinzio Benincasa, c.1478-80 (marble) by Italian School, (15th century); Victoria & Albert Museum, London, UK; (add.info.: Francesco Cinzio Benincasa, a poet)

Background imageHumanist Collection: Leonardo Bruni or Leonardo Aretino, c. 1370 - 1444

Leonardo Bruni or Leonardo Aretino, c. 1370 - 1444
3116343 Leonardo Bruni or Leonardo Aretino, c. 1370 - 1444. by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Italian humanist, historian and statesman)

Background imageHumanist Collection: Aldus Pius Manutius

Aldus Pius Manutius
3252932 Aldus Pius Manutius by English School, (19th century); (add.info.: Aldus Pius Manutius, 1449 -1515. Italian humanist who became a printer)

Background imageHumanist Collection: Philip Melanchthon, 1497 - 1560, born Philipp Schwartzerdt

Philip Melanchthon, 1497 - 1560, born Philipp Schwartzerdt
3116323 Philip Melanchthon, 1497 - 1560, born Philipp Schwartzerdt. by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: German author, humanist reformer, theologian and educator)

Background imageHumanist Collection: Theodorus Gaza or Theodore Gazis, c. 1398 - 1475. Greek humanist, and translator of Aristotle

Theodorus Gaza or Theodore Gazis, c. 1398 - 1475. Greek humanist, and translator of Aristotle
3116356 Theodorus Gaza or Theodore Gazis, c.1398 - 1475. Greek humanist, and translator of Aristotle. by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info)

Background imageHumanist Collection: George of Trebizond, 1395-1472 /1473

George of Trebizond, 1395-1472 /1473
3116348 George of Trebizond, 1395-1472 /1473. by English School, (19th century); Private Collection; (add.info.: Greek philosopher, scholar and humanist)

Background imageHumanist Collection: Albrecht Durer visiting Antwerp in 1520, 1855 (oil on panel)

Albrecht Durer visiting Antwerp in 1520, 1855 (oil on panel)
471171 Albrecht Durer visiting Antwerp in 1520, 1855 (oil on panel) by Leys, Hendrik or Henri (1815-69); 140x210 cm; Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp

Background imageHumanist Collection: Portrait of Peter Gillis (oil on panel)

Portrait of Peter Gillis (oil on panel)
471118 Portrait of Peter Gillis (oil on panel) by Massys or Matsys, Quentin (c.1466-1530); 59x46 cm; Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp

Background imageHumanist Collection: Portrait of Adrian Beverland Drawing a Statue of Callipygian Venus, 1686. Creator: Isaac Beckett

Portrait of Adrian Beverland Drawing a Statue of Callipygian Venus, 1686. Creator: Isaac Beckett
Portrait of Adrian Beverland Drawing a Statue of Callipygian Venus, 1686

Background imageHumanist Collection: Sir Thomas More (1478-1535) from Receuil des Estampes, representant les Rangs et les Dignites

Sir Thomas More (1478-1535) from Receuil des Estampes, representant les Rangs et les Dignites
STC196068 Sir Thomas More (1478-1535) from Receuil des Estampes, representant les Rangs et les Dignites, suivant le Costume de toutes les Nations existantes

Background imageHumanist Collection: Portrait of Otto van Veen, circa 1556-1629, Dutch painter, draughtsman

Portrait of Otto van Veen, circa 1556-1629, Dutch painter, draughtsman, and humanist active primarily in Antwerp
6338904 Portrait of Otto van Veen, circa 1556-1629, Dutch painter, draughtsman, and humanist active primarily in Antwerp and Brussels by Ruchol

Background imageHumanist Collection: Illustration from Sphaera Mundi by Johannes de Sacro Bosco and Theoricae Novum Planetarium

Illustration from Sphaera Mundi by Johannes de Sacro Bosco and Theoricae Novum Planetarium
CH438799 Illustration from Sphaera Mundi by Johannes de Sacro Bosco and Theoricae Novum Planetarium, published in Venice by Simon Bevilacqua, 1499 (hand coloured woodcut) by Italian School

Background imageHumanist Collection: First page of De vita libri tres by Marsilio Ficino (pen & ink, tempera and gold on vellum)

First page of De vita libri tres by Marsilio Ficino (pen & ink, tempera and gold on vellum)
3552368 First page of De vita libri tres by Marsilio Ficino (pen & ink, tempera and gold on vellum) by Italian School, (15th century); Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana, Florence

Background imageHumanist Collection: Map and diagram of the world, folio a4v of Orbis Breviarium by Zaccaria Lilio (d. c)

Map and diagram of the world, folio a4v of Orbis Breviarium by Zaccaria Lilio (d. c)
488665 Map and diagram of the world, folio a4v of Orbis Breviarium by Zaccaria Lilio (d.c.1522), Florence, 1493 (print & woodcut) by Italian School

Background imageHumanist Collection: Sphaera Mundi by Johannes de Sacro Bosco and Theoricae Novum Planetarium

Sphaera Mundi by Johannes de Sacro Bosco and Theoricae Novum Planetarium, published in Venice by Simon Bevilacqua
CH440500 Sphaera Mundi by Johannes de Sacro Bosco and Theoricae Novum Planetarium, published in Venice by Simon Bevilacqua, 1499 (leather & brass) by Italian School

Background imageHumanist Collection: Sir Thomas More (1477-1535) (engraving)

Sir Thomas More (1477-1535) (engraving)
XJF397657 Sir Thomas More (1477-1535) (engraving) by Holbein the Younger, Hans (1497/8-1543) (after); Private Collection

Background imageHumanist Collection: Erasmus & John Colet

Erasmus & John Colet
3782440 Erasmus & John Colet by Chesterton, Gilbert Keith (1874-1936); (add.info.: Erasmus & John Colet by Gilbert Keith Chesterton)

Background imageHumanist Collection: Portrait of Marguerite d Angouleme (1492-1549) Queen of Navarre with a dog on her knees

Portrait of Marguerite d Angouleme (1492-1549) Queen of Navarre with a dog on her knees
CHT211469 Portrait of Marguerite d Angouleme (1492-1549) Queen of Navarre with a dog on her knees, facsimile of a sixteenth century drawing, 1848 (colour litho) by French School

Background imageHumanist Collection: Sir Thomas More sepia toned (XXXL)

Sir Thomas More sepia toned (XXXL)
Sir Thomas More (1478-1535)

Background imageHumanist Collection: Petrarch (XXXL)

Petrarch (XXXL)
Francis Petrarch.Portrait engraved by Robert Hart (around 1850) from a printing by Raffaello Morghan

Background imageHumanist Collection: John Locke (XXXL)

John Locke (XXXL)
" Portrait of John Locke, english philosopher ( 1632-1704) engraved by H.Robinson from the original of Kneller in the hall of Christ Church, oxford, and edited by John Tallis and Co in 1881

Background imageHumanist Collection: Frontispiece from a 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass

Frontispiece from a 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass
5668975 Frontispiece from a 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass a collection of poetry by American poet Walt Whitman (engraving) by Schoff

Background imageHumanist Collection: Conrad Lycosthenes, 1518-1561, Alsatian humanist

Conrad Lycosthenes, 1518-1561, Alsatian humanist
6040074 Conrad Lycosthenes, 1518-1561, Alsatian humanist. by Bry, Theodor de (1528-98); Private Collection; (add.info.: Conrad Lycosthenes, 1518-1561, Alsatian humanist and encyclopedist)



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"Exploring the Humanist Legacy: From Montaigne to Dawkins" Humanism, a philosophical and intellectual movement that emerged during the Renaissance, has left an indelible mark on our understanding of humanity. This caption delves into some key figures and artworks associated with humanism. Montaigne, a French philosopher of the 16th century, is considered one of the pioneers thought. His essays explored various aspects of human nature and encouraged self-reflection. Richard Dawkins, a British science writer known for his advocacy of atheism and evolutionary biology, embodies modern-day humanism by promoting reason and scientific inquiry as guiding principles in understanding our existence. Hugo Grotius, a Dutch jurist from the 17th century, contributed significantly to international law. His works emphasized natural law principles rooted in respect for individual rights and peaceful coexistence among nations. Lorenzo de' Medici (the Magnificent), an influential Italian patron of arts during the Renaissance period, supported numerous artists who embraced humanistic ideals. His support fostered cultural growth throughout Italy. Satirical artwork like medical prescriptions often served as social commentary during this era. These pieces mocked societal norms or criticized political figures through clever symbolism. Sir Thomas More's Utopia provided a critical examination of society's flaws while envisioning an ideal world based on equality and justice. The woodcut from its third edition captures More's vision visually. Lorenzo Valla was an Italian scholar whose textual criticism challenged established dogmas by questioning religious texts' authenticity. He played a pivotal role in shaping early humanistic scholarship. Erasmus of Rotterdam was another prominent figure within European humanism who sought reform within Catholicism through education and biblical scholarship. His engraving portrays his dedication to intellectual pursuits amidst religious turmoil. Leonardo Bruni contributed greatly to reviving interest in classical Greek literature during the Renaissance period through his translations and writings on history and politics.