Highlands are regions that are located at higher elevations than the surrounding areas
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Highlands are regions that are located at higher elevations than the surrounding areas. They often have cooler temperatures and more precipitation than their surroundings. Highland regions can be found all over the world, from Scotland to New Zealand, and they provide unique habitats for a variety of plants and animals. Highland regions typically have rugged terrain with steep slopes, deep valleys, and rocky outcrops. This type of landscape is created by tectonic forces that push up the land in certain areas while eroding away other parts. The result is a diverse range of habitats for plants and animals to live in. Many highland species are endemic to these areas, meaning they can only be found there. The climate in highlands is usually much cooler than surrounding lowlands due to their elevation above sea level. This means that snowfall is common during winter months, providing an important source of water for many ecosystems throughout the year. In addition to this cooling effect, highland climates tend to be wetter than those at lower elevations due to increased precipitation from clouds passing over mountain peaks or hillsides on their way downslope towards lower ground levels below them. Highland ecosystems provide a number of benefits for people living nearby or further away as well as wildlife living within them including clean air and water sources; protection from floods; soil fertility; timber resources; recreational opportunities such as hiking trails; medicinal plants used in traditional medicine practices; carbon sequestration which helps reduce global warming effects; habitat for endangered species like snow leopards or red pandas; spiritual sites important to local cultures around the world; and much more. In conclusion, they can incredibly diverse regions with unique landscapes that support a wide variety of plant and animal life while also providing numerous benefits for people living nearby or further away from them alike.