Diagram of beaks of Galapagos finches by Darwin
A classic illustration of evolutionary theory, made by Charles Darwin in his book "A Naturalist's Voyage", London 1889. The drawing shows the beaks of four species of finches found in the Galapagos Islands. Darwin drew the conclusion that they all probably came from a common ancestor, but had diversified and evolved to adapt to local food supplies on the different islands. In his own words, "Seeing this gradation and diversity of structure in one small, intimately related group of birds, one might really fancy that from an original paucity of birds in this archipelago, one species had been taken and modified for different ends."
© Dr Jeremy Burgess/Science Photo Library
Galapagos finches, artwork
Galapagos finches. Artwork showing the beaks of different species of finches found in the Galapagos Islands. These birds were so different that naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882) first thought that they were unrelated to each other. However, he later realised that they were all finches, in what is now known as the family Fringillidae. He went on to draw the conclusion that they all probably came from a common ancestor, but had diversified and evolved to adapt to local food supplies on the different islands, hence the specialised beak shapes seen here. See C003/5865 for a labelled version of this image.
© GARY HINCKS/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Lady Muriel Paget & children, WW1
Lady Muriel Paget (1876 - 1938), nee Finch-Hatton, wife of Sir Richard Surtees Paget, second Baronet of Oldfallings Hall, Wolverhampton. Lady Paget was a humanitarian relief worker, first establishing soup kitchens in the poor districts of London, becoming secretary of the Invalid Kitchens' Fund. She then opened a kitchen catering for Belgian refugees in London at the start of the First World War. Her work then extended to Russia and Eastern Europe where she opened field and base hospitals, ambulances and worked indefatigably for the poor and needy both during and after the war - lobbying, training, recruiting social workers and nurses. In 1924 she organised the rescue and relief of stranded Britons in Russia called the British Subjects in Russia Relief Association. Lady Paget had five children, who were cared for by a nanny while their mother worked abroad almost continuously. Pictured here with her three daughters, Sylvia Mary, born 1901, Pamela Winefred, born 1903 and Angela Sibell, born 1906. The Sketch remarks on her work saying, 'Lady Muriel is much interested in the founding of Invalid Kitchens in the East End, in the running of which she is an expert, and also in various other forms of charitable effort and of war-work.' Date: 1917
© Illustrated London News Ltd/Mary Evans