Euphorbia is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae
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Euphorbia is a genus of flowering plants in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. It contains over 2,000 species of annuals, perennials, succulents, and shrubs that are found in many parts of the world. The most common species is Euphorbia pulcherrima (poinsettia), which is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant. Other popular species include Euphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns) and Euphorbia trigona (African milk tree), and are known for their distinctive flowers and foliage. Most have small flowers with no petals or sepals and instead feature colorful bracts that attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies. The leaves are usually alternate or opposite on the stem and may be simple or lobed with spines along the edges. Many species also produce a white sap when cut or damaged that can cause skin irritation in some people. Most euphorbias prefer full sun but some can tolerate partial shade. They require well-draining soil with moderate to low fertility levels, though some varieties will tolerate more fertile soils if given adequate drainage, and are generally drought tolerant once established but may need supplemental water during periods of extended dryness to keep them looking their best. Pruning is not necessary unless you want to shape your plant or remove dead branches.