Early Xvii Century Gallery
The early 17th century was a period of great change and upheaval
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The early 17th century was a period of great change and upheaval. It saw the rise of new nations, the expansion of European empires, and the beginnings of industrialization. The Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) was one of the most destructive conflicts in history, resulting in massive death and destruction across Europe. In England, James I succeeded Elizabeth I as king in 1603, ushering in a period known as the Jacobean era. This period saw an increase in religious tensions between Catholics and Protestants that eventually led to civil war between 1642-1651. The Scientific Revolution began during this time with advances made by Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton, and others that revolutionized our understanding of science and nature. In addition to these developments, exploration continued with Dutch navigator Willem Barentsz reaching Novaya Zemlya in 1596 while Henry Hudson explored parts of North America for England during his voyages from 1609-1611.