Lama enjoying sunset in Machu Picchu inca ruins
Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca citadel situated on a mountain ridge 2, 430 metres (7, 970 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru, above the Sacred Valley, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River flows.
Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438a1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the 'Lost City of the Incas' (a title more accurately applied to Vilcabamba), it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. The Incas built the estate around 1450 but abandoned it a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was not known to the Spanish during the colonial period and remained unknown to the outside world until American historian Hiram Bingham brought it to international attention in 1911.
Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Inti Watana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of how they originally appeared. By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored and restoration continues.
Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.
© Tommaso Renzi
Cute white alpaca in Sacsayhuaman, Cusco, Peru
SacsayhuamA¡n (also known as Sacsahuaman) is a walled complex near the old city of Cusco. The site is part of the City of Cuzco, which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983.
2015, 568307657, Alpaca, Animal, Animal Hair, Animal Themes, Cusco, Cute, Environment, Exploration, Famous Place, Globe Man Made Object, Green Color, Livestock, Llama, Nature, No People, Peru, Photography, Sacsayhuaman, Shadow, South America, Sunlight, Travel, Travel Destinations, Unesco, Unesco World Heritage Site, Urubamba Valley, Vertical
QUISPE TITO, Diego (1611-1681). Christ calling St
QUISPE TITO, Diego (1611-1681). Christ calling St. Peter and St. Andrew. 1681. Zodiac Series depicting parables of the life of Christ: Pisces or Vocation of the Apostles. Colonial baroque. Oil on canvas. PERU. Cusco. Cathedral.
© Paul Maeyaert/Iberfoto/Mary Evans
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