Coniferae, also known as conifers, are a group of cone-bearing seed plants that includes over 600 species
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Coniferae, also known as conifers, are a group of cone-bearing seed plants that includes over 600 species, and are found in many parts of the world and are especially common in temperate and boreal regions. Conifers have needle-like leaves and produce cones for reproduction. These trees can be evergreen or deciduous, depending on the species. Most conifers are tall trees with thick trunks and branches that provide protection from wind and cold temperatures. They typically grow slowly but can live for hundreds of years if left undisturbed. The wood from coniferous trees is used to make furniture, paper products, construction materials, fuelwood, charcoal, and many other products. They have adapted to survive in harsh climates by producing resins which help them retain moisture during dry periods; these resins also protect them against pests such as bark beetles. Many species also produce oils which act as natural insect repellents or fungicides to protect their foliage from disease or damage caused by fungi or bacteria. The most common types of conifers include pine (Pinus), spruce (Picea), fir (Abies), larch (Larix) hemlock (Tsuga) cedar (Cedrus) cypresses (Cupressaceae) junipers (Juniperus), yews (Taxus).