The Code of Hammurabi
A view of part of the code of Hammurabi, one of the earliest systems of law. It was named after the ruler of Babylon who reigned from 1795 - 1750 BCE. (Kean Collection/Getty Images)
© 2004 Getty Images
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17th century map of South America
South America, 17th century Dutch map. This shows the new continent that was being discovered by European explorers. The shape is distorted because it had not yet been accurately mapped. Two large rivers in Brazil are shown flowing from a large lake in eastern Brazil. The western coastline is by now fairly accurately mapped, but it was still not realised that Tierra del Fuego (bottom centre) in the Straits of Magellan, was a group of islands and not part of a large southern continent. The inset at lower left shows the Incan city of Cuzco in Peru. This map, published around 1630 by Jodocus Hondius, continued the earlier work of Gerard Mercator.
© GEORGETTE DOUWMA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Timbuktu in Africa, as drawn by Rene-Auguste Caillie, the first European visitor, 1828.
Hand-colored 19th-century woodcut reproduction of Caillie's illustration
© North Wind Picture Archives
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