South American textile design, 1951. Creator: Shirley Markham
South American textile design, 1951. Panel of Peruvian (Huacho) cotton woven as double cloth, late Chimu period (before c1470), in the Victoria & Albert Museum in London. Shirley Markham (1931-1999) studied Graphic Design and Illustration at Central School of Art in London from 1950-1952. The writer, artist, poet, and illustrator Mervyn Peake (1911-1968) was one of her tutors, and her style of drawing was also influenced by other British illustrators such as Edward Ardizzone, Quentin Blake and Edward Bawden. Markham spent time in the Dolomite Mountains in Italy, and also visited Rome, sketching classical buildings. After graduating from Central, she worked as a graphic designer, producing book illustrations, cartoons for comics, menus and programmes. She gave up her promising career however when she got married in 1957. Middle-class women at that time were expected to devote their energies to bringing up children and running the home, and despite her obvious talent, she lacked the confidence to return to illustration. Her portfolio remained in the family attic for many years, but now her work is published here for the first time.
© Shirley Markham Collection / Heritage-Images
Chimu painted textile, central Peruvian coast, 1000-1470. Artist: Werner Forman
Chimu painted textile, central Peruvian coast, 1000-1470. This type of painted textile was common through-out the 'Late Intermediate Period'. The central figure wears an elaborate headdress, large ear-spools, and wields an axe. He is flanked by two felines, which may signify shaman or chieftain status. Snarling faces, birds and fishes surround him. From the David Bernstein Collection, New York.
© Werner Forman Archive/ David Bernstein Collection, New York / Heritage-Images
Adobe wall frieze incorporating sea otter and wave
Adobe wall frieze incorporating sea otter and wave design in the Ceremonial Courtyard of the Tschudi Complex, at Chan Chan. Built around 1300 AD and covering 28 square km, Chan Chan is the largest pre-columbian city in the Americas and largest adobe
© Andrew Watson
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