Uffington White Horse, Oxfordshire, UK
The Uffington White Horse is a highly stylised prehistoric hill figure, 110 m long, formed from deep trenches filled with crushed white chalk. The figure has been shown to date back some 3, 000 years, to the Bronze Age, by means of optically stimulated luminescence dating carried out following archaeological investigations in 1994. These studies produced three dates ranging between 1400 and 600 BC. Iron Age coins that bear a representation comparable to the Uffington White Horse have been found, supporting the early dating of this artifact; counter suggestions that the figure was fashioned in the Anglo-Saxon period now seem untenable. Numerous other prominent prehistoric sites are located nearby, notably Wayland's Smithy long barrow. The Uffington is by far the oldest of the white horse figures in Britain, and is of an entirely different design from the others.
© DAVID PARKER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
The Uffington bronze age white horse
Head of the Uffington white horse with modern pagan flower tribute in the eye. The Uffington White horse (Oxfordshire, UK) consists of a series of trenches dug into a hill and filled with chalk. At over 110 metres long it is the largest and oldest of the "white horse" figures found in Britain having been dated to between approximately 1200-800 BCE by optical stimulated luminescence testing (OSL) of the soil beneath the trenches. Its purpose is unknown. It may have been a cult symbol of the horse goddess Rhiannon, or a representative of the mount of the sun god Belinos. The steep sided dry valley in the distance is 'the manger' where local lore has it the horse feeds on a moonlit night. The flat topped hill centre upper of picture is 'Dragon Hill', which is a natural mound associated in legend with St. George.
© This image is copyright Paul D. Stewart 2009. Do not reproduce without permission of the photographer at Stewartpauld@aol.com.
Stonehenge. Re-erection of Trilithon lintel in 1958 P50217
STONEHENGE, Wiltshire. Re-erection of Trilithon lintel 158 by the 60 ton 'Brabazon Crane', the larger of two cranes used to lift stones. The lintel is being lowered and man-handled into its final resting position on upright stones 57 and 58. Photographed by R J C Atkinson, January 1958.
© Historic England
Archaeology, Bronze Age, Neolithic, People, Pre Historic, Stone Age, Stone Circle, World Heritage Site