Damaged knee ligament, artwork
Damaged knee ligament. Computer artwork of the muscle structure of the leg and anatomy of the human knee joint, showing a tear (dark line, centre right) in one of the cruciate ligaments (beige). Ligaments are bands of inelastic fibrous tissue that connect bones to other bones. Those in the knee are the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
© CLAUS LUNAU/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Pinned ankle fractures, X-ray
Pinned ankle fracture. Coloured frontal X-rays of the ankle bones of a patient with an ankle fracture, before (left) and after (right) the fractures were pinned. The malleolus (bony projection at the end of a bone) of both lower leg bones have been fractured and then pinned back together. The fibula (left side of each X-ray) is the thinner of the two lower leg bones, and has had a plate as well as screws used to hold it together. The pins and plates hold the bone fragments in position while they heal. The tibia (right side of each X-ray) is the thicker of the two lower leg bones. The bones at bottom are part of the ankle bones. Staples are seen in the surrounding tissue at right, showing where the skin was stapled back together following the bone- pinning operation. This is the patient's right ankle
© Zephyr/Science Photo Library
West Pier Remains Brighton
The Pier was designed and engineered by Eugenius Birch to attract visitors and survive in the hostile environment of the seashore. Opened in 1866, it was a simple and functional structure built using dozens of cast iron threaded columns screwed into the seabed and strengthened by a lattice of ties and girders that provide the necessary strength to support the promenade deck whilst allowing seas to pass harmlessly through.
In 2003 the Pavilion was destroyed in an arson attack, and then in May the Concert Hallwas also deliberately set on fire
© This image is subject to copyright.