Bank Of The United States Collection
"President Andrew Jackson's Battle Against the Bank of the United States
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"President Andrew Jackson's Battle Against the Bank of the United States: A Historical Cartoon Journey" Step back in time to witness President Andrew Jackson's fierce campaign against the powerful Bank of the United States. In a lithograph cartoon from 1828, we see Jackson himself destroying the bank, symbolizing his determination to dismantle its influence. Fast forward to 1833, and an American cartoon titled "The Doctors Puzzled or the Desperate Case of Mother U. S. Bank" portrays the bank disgorging federal funds into smaller banks while Jackson peeks through a window, observing its demise. Meanwhile, prominent figures such as Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and John Calhoun consult on this sad case. Delve deeper into history with a glimpse at actual currency issued by The Bank - a one thousand dollar banknote from 1840 showcases its significance during that era. Another intriguing artifact is an American cartoon comment from around 1834 called "Symptoms of a Locked Jaw / Plain Sewing Done, " which satirizes Henry Clay's resolution to censure President Jackson for his fight against the Bank. In another lithograph cartoon titled "Uncle Sam Sick with La Grippe, " created in 1837, Democratic leaders attend to Uncle Sam's illness while Brother Jonathan welcomes Nicholas Biddle as a new doctor representing the Bank of the United States. However, not all cartoons were sympathetic towards Biddle; "The Downfall of Mother Bank" (1833) celebrates President Jackson's removal of government deposits from Nicholas Biddle's institution. Explore further visual representations like "Political Quixotism" (1833), where Andrew Jackson becomes victimized in an anti-Bank nightmare scenario. Additionally, discover architectural marvels associated with these events - William Strickland's Custom House in Philadelphia served as headquarters for The Second Bank of the United States between 1819-1824.