Susan Lawrence (1871-1947), British Labour (socialist) politician. One of the early
Susan Lawrence (1871-1947), British Labour (socialist) politician. One of the early female Members of Parliament, she was elected in 1923-1924 and 1926-1931. She is here addressing the House of Commons as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Health in Ramsay Macdonald's 1929 administration. From a series of cards on Notable MPs (London, 1929).
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Plague doctor, France, 18th century
Plague doctor. Artwork of the clothing used by doctors during plague outbreaks. This design, though in use much earlier, is from The Great Plague of Marseilles, France, in 1720. The plague (or Black Death) affected Europe from the 1340s to the 1700s. It is thought to have been bubonic plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, and spread by fleas on rats. This outbreak, one of the largest in Europe in the early 18th century, killed over 100, 000 people. The costume's beaked bronze mask contained aromatic herbs. This reduced the smell for the doctor and the limited airflow through holes in the beak reduced exposure to "bad air". Gloves and a heavily oiled undergarment and cloak were also designed to reduce exposure. 19th century artwork by Daumier, published in Devils, Drugs and Doctors (London, 1929).
© SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Death Of A Prince
Citizens of Vienna are shocked to read of the death of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria in the so-called Mayerling Incident, 31st January 1889. The bodies of the prince and his lover Baroness Mary Vetsera were discovered in a hunting lodge on 30th January, and although the press was told that he died of heart failure, it later transpired that they had both died of gunshot wounds. (Photo by Three Lions/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
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