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1843 Collection

In the year 1843, a significant moment in history unfolded as Sir Henry Cole and John Horsley collaborated to create the very first Christmas card

Background image1843 Collection: First Christmas Card by Sir Henry Cole and John Horsley

First Christmas Card by Sir Henry Cole and John Horsley
Reputedly the first Christmas card, this was designed by Horsley in 1843, and a coloured version sent out by Sir Henry Cole in 1846

Background image1843 Collection: Scrooge Sees Marley Face

Scrooge Sees Marley Face
Scrooge is startled to see Marleys face on his door, instead of the knocker

Background image1843 Collection: Scrooge and Marley Ghost

Scrooge and Marley Ghost
Scrooge receives a visit from the ghost of Jacob Marley, his former business partner

Background image1843 Collection: Dickensian Party

Dickensian Party
Mrs Fezziwigs Ball - shown to Scrooge by the Ghost of Christmas Past

Background image1843 Collection: Bob Cratchit & Tiny Tim

Bob Cratchit & Tiny Tim
Happy at the prospect of a hearty Christmas dinner, due to the generosity of the reformed Ebenezer Scrooge, Bob Cratchit carries his son Tiny Tim on his shoulder!

Background image1843 Collection: Dickens / Christmas Carol

Dickens / Christmas Carol
Scrooge receives a visit from the ghost of Jacob Marley, his former business partner

Background image1843 Collection: Bell Rock Lighthouse, near Arbroath, Scotland

Bell Rock Lighthouse, near Arbroath, Scotland
View of Bell Rock Lighthouse, near Arbroath, Scotland. Bell Rock is also known as the Inchcape Rock (made famous by a poem by Robert Southey)

Background image1843 Collection: COUTURE: A ROMAN FEAST. Oil on canvas, 1843, by Thomas Couture

COUTURE: A ROMAN FEAST. Oil on canvas, 1843, by Thomas Couture

Background image1843 Collection: Albany & Buffalo Railroad schedule, 1843

Albany & Buffalo Railroad schedule, 1843
Albany & Buffalo Railroad timetable, showing fares and routes, 1843. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century printed piece

Background image1843 Collection: Mr Fezziwigs Ball, illustration by John Leech for A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens( London)

Mr Fezziwigs Ball, illustration by John Leech for A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens( London)
Mr Fezziwigs Ball, illustration by John Leech for A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens( London, 1843). This novella was the earliest and most popular of Dickens Christmas stories

Background image1843 Collection: Wagner / Dutchmans Ship

Wagner / Dutchmans Ship
The red-sailed ship of the Flying Dutchman

Background image1843 Collection: Firth of Forth from Corstorphine Hill

Firth of Forth from Corstorphine Hill (1843). Moore, James 1819 - 1883. Date: 1843

Background image1843 Collection: Samuel Hahnemann, German physician

Samuel Hahnemann, German physician
Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), German physician and founder of homeopathy. His theory was that an illness may be cured by administering minute doses of a drug which causes the same symptoms

Background image1843 Collection: CHRISTMAS CARD, 1843. The first Christmas card, designed for Sir Henry Cole in 1843 by John

CHRISTMAS CARD, 1843. The first Christmas card, designed for Sir Henry Cole in 1843 by John Calcott Horsley, R. A
CHRISTMAS CARD, 1843. The first Christmas card, designed for Sir Henry Cole in 1843 by John Calcott Horsley, R.A

Background image1843 Collection: Princess Alice with Grand Duke Louis of Hesse

Princess Alice with Grand Duke Louis of Hesse
Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hess with her husband, Grand Duke Louis (Ludwig IV) of Hesse (1843-1878). Alice was Queen Victorias third child and second daughter

Background image1843 Collection: Scrooge at his Desk

Scrooge at his Desk
Old Scrooge sat busy in his counting house

Background image1843 Collection: Scrooge Sees Grave

Scrooge Sees Grave
The Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come shows Scrooge his gravestone

Background image1843 Collection: Jorrocks and the Bull

Jorrocks and the Bull
HANDLEY CROSS; OR MR JORROCKSs HUNT Jorrocks on the wrong side of a bull

Background image1843 Collection: Thames Tunnel entrance

Thames Tunnel entrance
A view of the entrance to the Wapping-Rotherhithe tunnel under the Thames, the worlds first underwater tunnel, completed by Marc Brunel in 1843

Background image1843 Collection: Rebecca Riots / 1843

Rebecca Riots / 1843
REBECCA RIOTS during which toll gates were attacked in South Wales. Many of the male rioters dressed as women & called themselves Rebecca & her daughters

Background image1843 Collection: Hensons Aerial Steam Carriage

Hensons Aerial Steam Carriage
The Aerial Steam Carriage -- underside view with covering fabric in place. This flying machine was patented by William Samuel Henson (1812-1888) and John Stringfellow (1799-1883) in 1842. 1843

Background image1843 Collection: Dickens / Christmas Carol

Dickens / Christmas Carol
Mr Fezziwig invites Mrs Fezziwig to dance Date: First published: 1843-44

Background image1843 Collection: ADELINA PATTI 1843-1919

ADELINA PATTI 1843-1919
ADELINA PATTI American operatic soprano born in Madrid of Italian parentage. Sang roles in operas of Bellini, Rossini and Gounod

Background image1843 Collection: Grave of Hahnemann

Grave of Hahnemann
SAMUEL HAHNEMANN Founder of homeopathy Close up of the bust which sits upon his grave in the Cimetiere du Pere-Lachaise, Paris

Background image1843 Collection: Noah Webster

Noah Webster
NOAH WEBSTER American lexicographer and author

Background image1843 Collection: Dickens / Christmas Carol

Dickens / Christmas Carol
Bob Cratchit with Tiny Tim, his crippled youngest son

Background image1843 Collection: Conquer Hill, Clontarf

Conquer Hill, Clontarf
A view of Conquer Hill at Clontarf in Ireland

Background image1843 Collection: Hensons Aerial Steam Carriage

Hensons Aerial Steam Carriage
The Aerial Steam Carriage -- sectional views of the boiler. This flying machine was patented by William Samuel Henson (1812-1888) and John Stringfellow (1799-1883) in 1842. 1843

Background image1843 Collection: Hensons Aerial Steam Carriage

Hensons Aerial Steam Carriage
The Aerial Steam Carriage -- enlarged view of the steam engine. This flying machine was patented by William Samuel Henson (1812-1888) and John Stringfellow (1799-1883) in 1842. 1843

Background image1843 Collection: Hensons Aerial Steam Carriage

Hensons Aerial Steam Carriage
The Aerial Steam Carriage -- enlarged view of the car or carriage. This flying machine was patented by William Samuel Henson (1812-1888) and John Stringfellow (1799-1883) in 1842. 1843

Background image1843 Collection: Hensons Aerial Steam Carriage

Hensons Aerial Steam Carriage
The Aerial Steam Carriage -- side view of the main frame, and plan of the controlling tail. This flying machine was patented by William Samuel Henson (1812-1888) and John Stringfellow (1799-1883)

Background image1843 Collection: Dickens / Christmas Carol

Dickens / Christmas Carol
Bob Cratchit sliding on the ice at Cornhill on Christmas Eve Date: First published: 1843-44

Background image1843 Collection: Dickens / M. Chuzzlewit

Dickens / M. Chuzzlewit
The Life & Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit. Sarah (Sairey) Gamp, midwife, nurse and layer out of the dead, wearing an apron and a bonnet

Background image1843 Collection: Sarah Martin

Sarah Martin
SARAH MARTIN reformer, depicted caring for homeless children

Background image1843 Collection: Dickens / Christmas Carol

Dickens / Christmas Carol
Bob Cratchit with Tiny Tim, his crippled youngest son

Background image1843 Collection: Plan Pentonville Prison

Plan Pentonville Prison
A plan of the floor layout of Pentonville, a model prison built in London in 1843, with corridors of cells radiating out from a central point & exercise yards

Background image1843 Collection: Three Sikh men, India

Three Sikh men, India. Date: 1843

Background image1843 Collection: Shaftesbury and Arethusa Boys Homes, Royston, Hertfordshire

Shaftesbury and Arethusa Boys Homes, Royston, Hertfordshire
The Shaftesbury & Arethusa Boys Homes at Royston, Hertfordshire, were set up by the National Refuge for Homeless and Destitute Children, founded in 1843 by William Williams

Background image1843 Collection: Jessica by Luke Fildes

Jessica by Luke Fildes
A portrait of the Shakespeare character, Jessica from The Merchant of Venice by Sir Luke Fildes (1843-1918), part of a series of Shakespearean heroines painted by great Victorian artists for The

Background image1843 Collection: Bristol Temple Meads Station, c. 1843

Bristol Temple Meads Station, c. 1843
Lithograph by John Cooke Bourne of Brunels train shed at Bristol Temple Meads Station in c.1843, a few years after the station opened in 1840

Background image1843 Collection: Wycombe Union Workhouse, Saunderton, Oxfordshire

Wycombe Union Workhouse, Saunderton, Oxfordshire
The Wycombe Union workhouse at Saunderton, Oxfordshire. The building, designed by George Gilbert Scott and William Bonython Moffatt, was erected in 1843

Background image1843 Collection: Manchester Union Schools, Swinton

Manchester Union Schools, Swinton
The Manchester Union Industrial School at Swinton. The school, where 800 pauper children were housed and educated away from the workhouse, was established in 1843, one of the earliest of its type

Background image1843 Collection: Union Workhouse, Cuckfield, Sussex

Union Workhouse, Cuckfield, Sussex
The Cuckfield Union workhouse, erected in 1843 on Ardingley Road in Cuckfield, Sussex. The architects, Foden and Parker, produced a less severe design than used in earlier workhouses

Background image1843 Collection: Princess Alice and Victoria of Hesse

Princess Alice and Victoria of Hesse
Princess Alice (1843-1878), second daughter and third child of Queen Victoria, pictured in Scotland with her eldest child, Princess Victoria of Hesse

Background image1843 Collection: Princesses Alice and Vicky

Princesses Alice and Vicky
Queen Victorias two eldest daughters: on the right, Vicky, Princess Royal, Crown Princess, later Empress of Prussia (1840-1901) and Princess Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse (1843-1878)

Background image1843 Collection: Guyana Georgetown

Guyana Georgetown
Street scene outside a shop

Background image1843 Collection: Thuggee Chief 1843

Thuggee Chief 1843
Chief of the Thugs, captured by Captain Vallancey in Arcot disguised as a travellers escort

Background image1843 Collection: EXPL2A-00169

EXPL2A-00169
John C. Fremonts second western expedition at Pyramid Lake, Nevada, 1842-1843. Hand-colored woodcut of a 19th-century illustration



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In the year 1843, a significant moment in history unfolded as Sir Henry Cole and John Horsley collaborated to create the very first Christmas card. This innovative creation marked the beginning of a cherished tradition that continues to this day. Meanwhile, in literature, Charles Dickens released his timeless masterpiece "A Christmas Carol. " The iconic scene where Scrooge sees Marley's face serves as a haunting reminder of redemption and transformation during the holiday season. As Scrooge encounters the ghostly presence of Marley and later embarks on an extraordinary journey with three spirits, readers are reminded of the power of compassion and second chances. Amidst these literary wonders, Dickensian parties became all the rage. People embraced elaborate celebrations inspired by Victorian England, complete with lavish decorations and costumes reminiscent of Mr Fezziwig's ball from "A Christmas Carol. " These gatherings brought joy and merriment to all who attended. While festivities abounded, it was also a time for reflection on social issues. Bob Cratchit and Tiny Tim emerged as symbols representing those less fortunate during this period. Their story touched hearts worldwide, shedding light on societal inequalities while emphasizing empathy towards one another. Beyond literature and social consciousness, other notable events occurred in 1843. Samuel Hahnemann revolutionized medicine with his groundbreaking work as a German physician. His contributions paved the way for modern medical practices that continue to save lives today. Furthermore, construction began on Bell Rock Lighthouse near Arbroath in Scotland—a remarkable feat showcasing human ingenuity against nature's forces. This architectural marvel stands tall even today as a testament to perseverance and innovation. Lastly but not least important is Princess Alice's enchanting encounter with Grand Duke Louis of Hesse in 1843—an event that would shape their future together forevermore. The year 1843 encapsulates an era filled with creativity, inspiration from Charles Dickens' masterpieces like "A Christmas Carol, " the birth of the Christmas card, and societal progress.