EARL OF SHAFTESBURY (1801-1885). Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury
EARL OF SHAFTESBURY
(1801-1885). Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury. English politician, reformer, and philanthropist. Lord Shaftesbury visiting the coal mines of the 'black country,' 1840-42. Wood engraving from an illustrated biography published in 'The Graphic' after his death, 1885.
GERMAN PRINCE & MINATERRE. The Swiss artist, Karl Bodmer (at far right), and Prince
GERMAN PRINCE & MINATERRE.
The Swiss artist, Karl Bodmer (at far right), and Prince Maximilian of Wied (in green coat), being introduced to Minatarre (Hidatsa) Native Americans near Fort Clark on the Missouri River in 1833 by an interpreter (with red sash about his waist) presumed to be Toussaint Charbonneau, the French Canadian husband of Sacagawea.
Jackson's ether experiment
Charles Thomas Jackson (1805-1880), American physician, geologist and chemist experimenting on himself with ether in 1841. It is said that after experimenting on the anaesthetic properties of chloroform and nitrous oxide gas his experiments on himself with ether led him to conclude that it would be a suitable anaesthetic for surgical operations. In 1846 Jackson's advice was sought by the dentist Dr William Morton, an ex-student of Jackson. The nature of Morton's request and Jackson's response were the subject of bitter dispute between them and their supporters when Morton claimed credit for the introduction of ether. The discoveries relating to anaesthetics in the United Sates were a major cause of controversy in the 19th century.
© SHEILA TERRY/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY