17th Century Gallery
The 17th century was a period of great change and progress in Europe
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The 17th century was a period of great change and progress in Europe. It saw the rise of new nation-states, the development of science and technology, the growth of global trade, and the spread of religious wars. In England, this period saw the reigns of Charles I and Oliver Cromwell, as well as civil war. In France, Louis XIV established an absolute monarchy that lasted until 1789. The Thirty Years War devastated much of Central Europe from 1618 to 1648. The Scientific Revolution began during this time with advances in mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry and biology leading to new discoveries such as Newton's laws of motion. This century also saw a flourishing in art with painters such as Rembrandt van Rijn creating masterpieces that are still admired today. Overall it was a time marked by rapid change that laid down many foundations for what would become modern society.