A week in time
On this day in history in pictures: March 10th - March 16th
The 10th March has historically been one of conflict. We have had the Battle of the Aegates Islands in 241BC where the Romans sank the Carthaginian fleet to bring an end to the First Punic War, Susanyos became Emperor of Ethiopia after defeating the joint forces of Yaqob and Abuna Petros II at the Battery of Gol in Gojjam in 1607, Napoleon I was defeated at the Battle of Laon and the Mexican American War was ended with the ratification of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. We also have the creation of the French Foreign Legion by King Louis Philippe to aid his military efforts in Algeria. What's more we have a number of revolutions including the Fulgencio Batista successfully leading a coup in Cuba, the Tibetan uprising which saw 300,000 Tibetans surrounding the Norbulingka Palace in Lhasa where the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, was residing and the ousting of the Haitian president, Mathieu Prosper Avril in 1990. This day was also one of great significance in British history as King Charles I dissolves Parliament which precipitates the Eleven Years' Tyranny and then the first of three English Civil Wars, the result of which, shaped the current political system we have today. There were also great technological advances with the first ever telephone call being made by the Scott Alexander Graham Bell, although there is still some debate if this design wasn't at least inspired by Elisha Gray's patent which was filled on the same day. Five years later on this day, Almon Strowger patents a device which allowed for the automatic switching of telephone circuits. Born on this day we have Chuck Norris, Osama bin Laden, Garth Crooks, Christopher Isaac (Biz Stone. Observed today we have the Christian Feast Day and Hote Matsuri in Japan.
Almost 1800 years ago the Roman Emperor Elegabulus was assassinated and in 1990 Lithuania declares independence from the dissolving USSR. The first ever British daily newspaper, the Courant was published in 1702 and six years latter Queen Anne withheld Royal Assent to the Scottish Militia Bill which is the last time a Monarch had vetoed a Bill that parliament had passed. Born on this day was Henry Tate a founder of the Henry Tate & Sons company which later merged with Abram Lyle & Sons to form the now, massive agricultural business. Also born was the former Chelsea FC player.
On this day in 1689 the Williamite War in Ireland began whilst over a hundred years later in 1894 Coca-Cola was bottled and sold for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA. Whilst in 1912 the Girl Guides were founded in the USA. Later in the decade Moscow once again became capital of Russia after Saint Petersburg had been the primary national city for over two centuries. Born on this day was the English farmer Charles Boycott who's name was given as an alternative to 'social ostracism' in 1880 after social issues of wealthy, absent landowners evicting tenant farmers and those farmers 'grabbing' lands and the boycotting of the landowners' business interests.
Uranus was founded on this day in 1782 by William Herschel and in 1969 the Apollo 9 mission landed safely back on Earth after successfully testing the equipment and strategy to land on the moon. Whilst in 2013 Pope Frances was elected to succeed Pope Benedict XVI. The famous author Hugh Walpole was born on this day in 1884.
It was on March 14th that the light opera The Mikado received its first public performance in London and in 1964 Jack Ruby was found guilty, by a Dallas court for the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, who, in turn was in the legal process accused of the murder of John F. Kennedy a year earlier.
The Ides of March, 44BC was the day in Rome saw one of the most dramatic and recounted events in world history took place with the assassination of Julius Caesar whilst almost two thousand years later, in 1892, the former marshy land Liverpool saw the founding of the football club of the same name after the former Everton club president fell out with the board over the land the club played on. Ninety-three years later, in 1985, the first ever internet domain name was registered as symbolics.com and then in 1990 Mikhail Gorbachev elected as the first ever president of the newly formed Soviet Union until Gennady Yanayev usurped control in the coup of August 1991 - although he was only in that position for two days.
The first ever FA Cup Final took place on this day in 1872 where it was won by Wanderers F.C haven beaten the Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1-0 at The Oval at Kennington, in London. Wanderers F.C. was dissolved only 15 years later. In 1976 Harold Wilson resigned as the Prime Minister of the UK citing personal reasons.